To meet the challenges and opportunities of globalization in the Information Age, educational leaders around the world are intensifying their efforts to transform schools into learning communities. These efforts are predicated on the belief that strengthening a country’s educational system is essential to the collective and individual well-being of its citizens. However, schools are highly complex organizations, and they have proven resistant to deep structural and cultural change. Transforming school systems into collaborative professional learning communities continues to be difficult. With reference to Generation YES (Youth and Educators Succeeding), a research-validated program in the United States, this chapter argues that school leaders and educational policy makers can benefit from students’ expertise with web-based technologies and harness their idealism, enthusiasm, and energy to transform schools into collaborative professional learning communities. GenYES has enabled students to provide technical support and leadership for technology integration and teacher professional development in thousands of schools in the United States. A key assumption of this chapter is that, regardless of national context, student involvement is the “sleeping giant” of educational reform.
Claudia Werker, Jolien Ubacht and Andreas Ligtvoet
Entrepreneurs are often envisioned as small private start-up firms operating against all odds. Here, we investigate how in the context of the Triple Helix various entrepreneurs form communities and drive institutional and technological change. To theoretically shape a socialized view of entrepreneurship, we use the Triple Helix approach. Our empirical basis is a highly regulated sector driven by various agents, i. e. the Dutch energy system. As it depends very much on natural gas and relies less on renewables compared to similar countries, we analyse two cases where entrepreneurs drove the uptake of renewable energy sources.
In our paper, we investigate how entrepreneurs from the private, public and academic sectors drive the evolution of the Triple Helix. From our results, two general features of entrepreneurship in the Triple Helix emerge. First of all, private stand-alone enterprises do not mirror entrepreneurs at large. Second, networks of various entrepreneurs are much more common and much more complex than usually anticipated. More specifically, we find that there are rather divergent developments in Dutch energy systems. Whereas in the case of Aardwarmte Den Haag, a number of key players collaborated in order to realize one specific technology, in the LochemEnergie case, we see a project-to-project approach supported by subsidies. In both cases, a variety of entrepreneurs from the private, public and academic sectors with different roles, goals, incentives, resources, knowledge and policy levers drive the development of their energy system. It depends on the actual situation on who has the incentives and resources to be in charge and act and to include others when it seems necessary.
Entrepreneurs in such a set-up require particular skills including the ability to engage with their (knowledge) network, identify gaps, attract new participants and motivate the new and existing participants. Entrepreneurs managing these networks handle a whole range of semi-unpredictable actors and environmental factors that also influence each other; therefore, they can be defined as truly complex sociotechnological systems. As the development of local energy initiatives unfold along the way, entrepreneurs have to be flexible and open to organizational change. While large organizations such as municipalities or large multinational companies are usually less flexible, they might create space for smaller entrepreneurial activities by supporting individuals, start-ups or academics in finding novel solutions. At the same time, a major role for public entrepreneurs lies in stimulating and subsidizing entrepreneurs and their networks.
The analytical framework provided here can be used to study the principles of the Triple Helix concept in a dynamic environment in which technological innovation requires the expertise and capabilities of multiple types of actors. Its function is not only to identify roles and types of entrepreneurs and their incentives, but to also assess which resources (knowledge, skills, subsidies) they can contribute to the initiative.
Tove Brink and Svend Ole Madsen
This research reveals how small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) can enable innovation and contribute to a reduction in the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) in offshore wind farms. The research provides findings from a longitudinal qualitative study of 10 SMEs for the understanding of the impact from integrating SMEs in a triple helix context.
The triple helix approach with government, university and industry participants typically include larger organisations. The research indicates that SMEs could join the triple helix and both contribute and receive benefit from their presence. The findings show that SMEs need access to market and industry stakeholders to understand, learn and select among business innovation opportunities. Universities, governmental bodies and industries can create a knowledge space for organisational reciprocal learning between SMEs and larger enterprises to enable innovation for the reduction of the LCOE in the wind farm industry. This knowledge space also provides important insight and understanding for the governmental and university helices for active contribution to offshore wind energy.
The governmental policy impact stresses the need for a more strategic long-term support of industry knowledge spaces for offshore wind energy. Governmental bodies would actively enhance political growth strategies regulating competition and collaboration. Universities can contribute actively towards knowledge creation and dissemination. All three helices could benefit from this approach to SMEs. Further research needs to be conducted on SMEs in the triple helix context.
una ventaja competitiva en el ecosistema de energía eólica renovable. 1 Introduction Awareness of global climate change has increased considerably over the last decade. This awareness leads to considerable interest in renewable energy and related research ( United Nations (UN), 2016 ; World Energy
Making Health Care Futures Through Technology
Casper Bruun Jensen
The research in this paper reveals how organising the innovation ecosystem can enable the achievement of the aim for innovation and competitiveness. The research was conducted from June 2014 to May 2015 using a qualitative deductive approach among operation & maintenance (O&M) actors in offshore wind parks. The research contains a focus group interview with 11 companies, 20 individual interviews and a preliminary seminar on the findings with 60 participants.
The findings reveal the triple helix framing as being useful for the offshore wind ecosystem to enable innovation. The findings highlight the need for transnational flexible alignment of regulations and procedures with a focus between the helixes on timeliness, transparency and open collaboration practices. Additionally, collaboration with SMEs can enable complementary dynamic knowledge creation in conjunction with university research and educational training. A contribution is made to application of the triple helix notion to enable innovation in offshore wind ecosystems.
(ebd.), wird es keine Kriege mehr geben, vorausgesetzt, der neue Mensch entsteht und die alte Welt der zwei Dimensionen wird überwunden, was möglich wird, wenn die kosmische Energie (les énergies sidérales) jedem Menschen zur Verfügung stehe. »Les énergies dont il dispose sont infinies et accessibles à
Julie Rowlands and Trevor Gale
past, although this may have varied over time ( 2010 ; see also Oancea, 2014 ). The new arrangements for ref 2021 have the potential to engender a mixed economy in terms of publication quantity, albeit within limits. That is, some researchers are being encouraged to focus their energies on and
The Confucian Perspective of Education on “Self-Cultivation”
a life by another life full of living energy. As Mencius said, “That they who are first informed should instruct those who are later in being informed, and they who first apprehend principles should instruct those who are slower in doing so.” ( Mencius : Wan Zhang ii ). The virtue and character
Peng Liu and Qi Xiu
research activities also often lack effectiveness. This is because teachers’ energy is limit and their teaching load is often heavy. Manipulation and bureaucratic issues within the organization can also hinder teachers from achieving the real purpose of collaboration research ( Cao, 2017 ; Lin, 2007