interest in securing Middle East energy supplies. It imports approximately 41% of its gas and 51% of it oil from the region ( eia 2014 and 2013). See charts 1 and 2 . This need to fuel its economy, literally, with Middle East energy supplies has driven China’s greater interest in Middle East affairs in
This anthology unites in one volume two studies of the Greater Middle East in global politics – each conceptual and empirical. First, it is a historical-comparative study of politics and societies in selected Greater Middle Eastern countries from Napoleon’s invasion of Ottoman Egypt in 1798 up until today. It addresses development and change in these societies as results of the complex interactions between external developments, the rise and expansion of European industrialized powers, and internal developments, the disintegration of Islamic Empires, their transformation into nation-states, and their efforts to industrialize and modernize. Second, it is an empirical case study of states and societies of the Greater Middle East in global politics, addressing themes such as nationalism, revolution, political Islam, democracy, globalization, regionalism, revolution, war, energy, and conflict and cooperation. The book is comprised of three parts and nineteen chapters. Contributors include: Mehdi Parvizi Amineh, Simon Bromley, Robert M. Cutler, Louisa Dris-Aït-Hamadouche, S.N. Eisenstadt, Femke Hoogeveen, Henk Houweling, B.M. Jain, Mehran Kamrava, Roger Kangas, Fred H. Lawson, Prithvi Ram Mudiam, Nilgun Onder, Wilbur Perlot, Richard Pomfret, Kurt W. Radtke, Mirzohid Rahimov, Eva Patricia Rakel, and Yahia H. Zoubir.
The place of green energy in the Middle East is changing rapidly. While the image of this region is shaped by oil and gas giants such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, in fact the majority of Middle Easterners live in countries with few hydrocarbons, including
govern- ments and have shifted the separatist trends to an inferior position. This paper is a brief re-examination of the situation concerning the energy transit and the ethnic conflicts in the region. K e y w o r d s Caspian Region, Caucasus, Pipeline Routes, Ethnic Conflicts, Oil and Gas, Abkhazia
With one quarter of proven oil reserves and the largest oil production in the world, Saudi Arabia has been at the center of world politics. Its vast oil resources have been utilized in various ways to maximize internal and external security. While oil revenue allowed the Saudi state to buy off legitimacy at home and abroad, the Saudi state exploited oil supply to either forge alliances with or pressure consuming and producing countries. By providing an insightful account of how oil resources shaped Saudi security policies since the mid-twentieth century, Islam Y. Qasem offers a timely contribution to the study of oil politics and the interrelationship between economic interdependence and security.
215 TUNISIA: DECREE NO. 94-537 OF 10 MARCH 1994, FIXING THE AMOUNTS AND TERMS GOVERNING THE AWARD OF THE SPECIFIC GRANT INHERENT IN INVESTMENTS IN THE FIELD OF ENERGY CONTROL The President of the Republic, On the proposal of the Minister of the National Economy, In view of Law No. 93-120 of 27
ceo of Kuwait Energy, she is one of only two or three female ceo s in the oil industry worldwide. 3
Her first position was that of a petroleum engineer for Kuwait Oil Company, 4 where Ms. Akbar became a skilled field engineer—despite structural constraints such as restricted fieldwork hours and
a well with water high enough to draw, to draw water from such a well; energy, agility, to recover completely from illness; to pasture well, (of animals) to migrate from one location to another in search of pasture. Of this root, two forms occur once each in the Qur’an: نَشْطٌ nashṭ and نَاشِطَاتٌ
period, the Arab countries, most of which were ruled by the Ottoman Empire, were the targets of myriad – mostly Christian – European and American missionary projects, which focused much of their energies o...