The formal adposition notwithstanding is unique in English, in that it can occur prepositionally or postpositionally, both patterns being of long standing. Using corpora of present-day English and newspaper CDs, a total of 1845 million words were examined, yielding 8964 instances of notwithstanding. The current distribution of notwithstanding exhibits almost exactly the same aggregate pre- and postpositional frequencies, but distinct differences are found in the different geographical varieties, with written American English being most willing to use the postpositional form. In its prepositional use, the governed NP can be quite long (some 15% of these instances contained an NP > 15 words), whereas the postpositional use is normally much shorter (85% of its instances contained an NP < 7 words). The postpositional use in particular appears to be most common in sentence-initial position.
contexts, questions of energy consumption, and, one could add, the electronic waste that surrounds our contemporary worries of what transmission, calculation, and storage mean in a material context.“ 6 Der materielle Unterbau moderner Geldkultur schließt Plastik mit ein, das, dem Bewusstsein immer schon
an opening and deepening of the space. In the landscape-like images, in other words those without figures, vibes whip with apparent random energy across the picture plane, a stage nearly devoid of props save for elements that look like remaining pieces of the Wall.
Paintings in 1991 often show a
énergies, suscite l’action, accélère la ruine de l’injustice, change le cours de l’histoire », 14 ce qui en fait aussi son « génie ».
Dans Le Peuple , Michelet présente son sujet comme une masse muette. Dominé par l’instinct, il ne connaît pas le raisonnement complexe de l’intellectuel, mais sa pensée
.« 9 In doing so, they artistically address one of the most basic questions one might ask about the GDR: What pent-up cultural energies were released at the time of the Wende ? What did the GDR repress?
The answer to this question lies in the very subjectivities at the center of these films. Meh
two traditional accounts of emotion: the Greek Stoic conception of emotions as “evaluative judgments” about persons and things concerned with the individual’s well-being; and the “adversary” idea of emotions as “unthinking energies” and functions of our animal or mechanistic nature. 4 The double
, Stephen , Shakespearean Negotiations: The Circulation of Social Energy in Renaissance England , Berkeley/Los Angeles , 1988 .
Klepper , Martin , „ From Rowlandson to Jessica Lynch: Metamorphoses of a Cultural Script “, in: Literatur in Wissenschaft und Unterricht 3 ( 2005 ), S. 207 – 217
“snuff it out”, the use of an energy source in “burn the candle at both ends”, the maintenance of the intensity of fire in “fan the flames”, the danger of the high intensity of fire in “spitting fire”, and so on. So what we find here is obviously a group of expressions that are based on different
Democratic Republic continues to haunt the Berlin Republic. Taking up three rarely screened films from the early 1990s ( Letztes aus der DaDaeR (1990), Der Strass (1990), and Das Land hinter dem Regenbogen (1992)), he uses them to demonstrate the cultural energies released and repressed at the time of