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The Irreligiousness of Fascism

The Concept of a “Religion of the State” in Raffaele Pettazzoni’s Studies — Analysis of the Subtext

Valerio S. Severino

wide debate on the sacralization of politics ranged from Eric Voegelin’s theories on political religions ( 1939 ), to the problems raised by Robert Bellah’s concept of a civil religion (1967) and George Mosse’s nationalization of the masses ( 1975 ). Among these, Emilio Gentile’s research on Fascism as


Edited by Erik Tonning, Matthew Feldman and David Addyman

Modernism, Christianity and Apocalypse stages an encounter between the fields of ‘Modernism and Christianity’ and ‘Apocalypse Studies’. The modernist impulse to ‘make it new’, to transform and reform culture, is an incipiently apocalyptic one, poised between imaginative representations of an Old Era or civilization and the experimental promise of the New. Christianity figures in formative tension with the ‘new’, but its apocalyptic paradigms continued to impact modernist visions of cultural revitalization.

In three sections tracing a rough chronology from the late nineteenth century fin de siècle, via interwar conflicts and the rise of ‘political religions’, to post-1945 anxieties such as the Bomb, this thematic is explored in nineteen far-ranging scholarly contributions, outlining a distinctive and fresh interdisciplinary field of study.

Kocku von Stuckrad

Religious Studies, Oude Boteringestraat 38, 9712 GK Groningen, Th e Netherlands Abstract Against the background of fascism and the disasters of two world wars, during the fi rst decades of the twentieth century many European intellectuals were formulating nega- tive responses to

Erato Paris

Ž ght against the rising fascisms of the 30’s as well as against the ever-growing nationalist conception of the world, oriented towards the ideas of expansion and conquest, and based on the political and military ‘charismatic’ leaders of the past and the agonizing present. The collapse of France in 1940

Melita Richter Malabotta

. Garofolo P., ibid. , pp. 151–157. 22. Di Francesco T., “ Ucciso consigliere di Rugova ”, in “Il Manifesto”, Rome, 17th June, 2000, p. 5. 23. Surroi Veton, “ Kosovo Fascism, Albanians’ Shame ” in “ Women for Peace ”, Women in Black Publisher, Belgrade 1999, pp. 307–308. divided cities 101 References

Asha Sen

homogeneity, English or Indian/Pakistani, but returns to plague these narratives with mem- ories of colonialism and fascism. Both the cabby and the dead Ž nger hark back to a colonial and neo-colonial history of repression of any form of organized resistance. The “dead Ž nger” is also a reference point for

Richard A. Blake

Renaissance Studies at the University of Leeds, has patiently sifted through Orwell’s vast bibliography to trace the development of his thought through the turbulent period of the Great Depression, the rise and defeat of Fascism in Europe, and finally postwar division of the continent into competing spheres

John Levi Barnard

view, Cross Damon rejects both communism and fascism not so much for the particu- lars of their doctrines, but because each is a “political project of ‘total power,’” by which dominant parties violently subordinate designated infe- riors through claims to epistemological superiority. Cross refuses

‘Fire and Cloud’

Religion, Violence, and the Apocalyptic Imagination

Dustin Faulstick

and Fascism , providing the collection with a sustained unity and even organizational structure. Berger’s The Sacred Canopy , for example, informs much of the thinking in Part 2, which explores attempts by political religions to replace the waning influence of a sacred canopy that traditional