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Author: Dan Tamir

364 D AN T AMIR © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden ZRGG 63, 4 (2011) Also available online - www.brill.nl DAN TAMIR Some Thoughts about Hebrew Fascism in Inter-war Palestine Generic Fascism A significant corpus of literature about fascism has been assembled in the past 80 years. Varied in their

In: Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte
Die erste fachübergreifende Ideengeschichte Rumäniens vermittelt anhand von Denkströmungen, Persönlichkeiten und Kulturpublizistik ein besseres Verständnis auch aktueller gesellschaftlicher Entwicklungen.
Mădălina Diaconu behandelt für den Zeitraum seit dem Beginn der Moderne bis in die Gegenwart die anhaltende Kontroverse zwischen prowestlicher Modernisierung und Traditionalismus, die Mythen der rumänischen Geschichte, Orthodoxie und Nationalismus, die Kulturpolitik während des Kommunismus, die Selbstsuche nach 1989 und dem EU-Beitritt von 2004. Auch andere in Rumänien lebende Ethnien sind berücksichtigt. Klar geschrieben, informativ und basierend auf Quellen aus erster Hand ist der Band unverzichtbar für alle, die an Rumänien im europäischen Kontext interessiert sind.
Hungarian Essays on Literature, Art, and Democratic Transition, 1945-1948
Author: György Lukács
Editor: Tyrus Miller
When the Hungarian Marxist philosopher and literary critic György Lukács returned to Hungary from Moscow after World War II, he engaged in a highly active phase of writing and speaking about the democratic culture needed to exorcise the remnants of fascism and to create the conditions for the advance of socialism in Central Europe. His essays of the period, including the influential volume Literature and Democracy, appear here for the first time in English translation. Engaged with questions of realist and modernist world-views in art, the relations of literary history to politics and social history, and the role of cultural intellectuals in public life, these essays offer a new look at one of the most influential Marxist thinkers of the twentieth century.
In: Joseph de Maistre and his European Readers
The Critical Philosophy of Herbert Marcuse
In Eros and Revolution, Javier Sethness Castro presents a comprehensive intellectual and political biography of the world-renowned critical theorist Herbert Marcuse (1898-1979). Investigating the origins and development of Marcuse's dialectical approach vis-à-vis Hegel, Marx, Fourier, Heidegger, and Freud as well as the central figures of the Frankfurt School—Horkheimer, Adorno, Neumann, Fromm, and Benjamin—Sethness Castro chronicles the radical philosopher's lifelong activism in favor of anti-capitalism, anti-fascism, and anti-authoritarianism together with Marcuse's defiant revindication of global libertarian-socialist revolution as the precondition for the realization of reason, freedom, and human happiness. Beyond examining Marcuse's revolutionary life and contributions, moreover, the author contemplates the philosopher's relevance to contemporary struggle, especially with regard to ecology, feminism, anarchism, and the general cause of worldwide social transformation.
Author: Jacob Boas
In Cultural Criticism in the Netherlands, 1933-40, Jacob Boas offers a broad selection of the newspaper columns of legendary Dutch cultural critic Menno ter Braak. Ter Braak’s columns are noteworthy not only for their distinctive treatment of disparate cultural components ranging from literature to the social sciences, but also for the light they throw on the extent to which politics intruded on the cultural sphere in the years prior to the outbreak of war.
Ter Braak set a standard for literary criticism of surpassing quality. Moreover, a staunch advocate of democracy, the critic joined the battle against fascism, urging fellow intellectuals to rise to the occasion. The ‘conscience of Dutch letters’ killed himself on the eve of the German occupation, May 1940.
Author: Jeroen Vanheste
In recent scholarly work, T.S. Eliot has usually been associated with cultural elitism and political conservatism, or even with proto-fascism and anti-Semitism. This book proposes a different view. During the Interbellum, Eliot and his review The Criterion were part of an international network of intellectuals that shared an open-minded Europeanness. Authors like T. Mann, Benda, Ortega y Gasset, Curtius and Hofmannsthal emphasized their common European roots and shared cultural legacy. Their 'classicism' stands in the European tradition of humanism and has remained highly relevant. Classicist ideas about literature, education and human culture in general continue to inspire contemporary humanist thinkers, as the second part of this book demonstrates by discussing the work of Ferry, Todorov, Steiner, Scruton, Toulmin and others.
Following the publication of Isaiah Berlin's essay on Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821), the Savoyard philosopher has been known primarily in the English-speaking world as a precursor of fascism. The essays in this volume challenge this view. Disclosing the inaccuracies and limitations of Berlin's account, they illustrate Maistre's colossally diverse European posterity. Far from an inflexible ideologist, Maistre was a versatile and deeply modern thinker who attracted interpreters across the political spectrum.

Through the centuries, Maistre's passionate Europeanism has contributed to his popularity from Madrid to Moscow. And in our times, when religion is re-asserting itself as a source of public reason, his theorization of the encounter between tradition and modernity is lending his work ever more urgent relevance.

Cover illustration by Matthieu Manche
Antonio Gramsci was not only one of the most original and significant communist leaders of his time but also a creative thinker whose contributions to the renewal of Marxism remain pertinent today. In The Revolutionary Marxism of Antonio Gramsci, Frank Rosengarten explores Gramsci's writings in areas as diverse as Marxist theory, the responsibilities of political leadership, and the theory and practice of literary criticism. He also discusses Gramsci's influence on the post-colonial world. Through close readings of texts ranging from Gramsci's socialist journalism in the Turin years to his prison letters and Notebooks, Rosengarten captures the full vitality of the Sardinian communist's thought and outlook on life.
Quellentexte zum polnischen Nationalismus
Author: Roman Dmowski
Volume Editor: Martin Faber
Roman Dmowski (1864–1939) gilt bis heute als der bedeutendste Theoretiker und „Vater“ des polnischen Nationalismus. Mit dem Regierungsantritt der Partei „Recht und Gerechtigkeit“ (PiS) ist sein Denken wieder ins Zentrum von Kontroversen gerückt. In diesem Band werden Dmowskis wichtigste Werke zum ersten Mal in deutscher Übersetzung präsentiert und kommentiert.
Die von Dmowski 1897 begründete „Nationaldemokratische Partei” hatte großen Einfluss auf die Gestaltung der politischen Landschaft Polens nach 1918. Ihr Gedankengut wirkte auch nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg weiter und hat seit 1989 einen neuen Aufschwung erfahren, der sich in den letzten Jahren verstärkt hat. Die Textauswahl umfasst u.a. Dmowskis ideologisches Hauptwerk, die „Gedanken eines modernen Polen” von 1903 sowie „Deutschland, Russland und die polnische Frage” von 1908, in dem Dmowski seine geopolitische Konzeption entfaltete. Von den Schriften aus der Zeit nach dem Ende des 1. Weltkriegs verdeutlicht der Text „Kirche, Nation und Staat” sein Verhältnis zur Rolle der katholischen Kirche in der polnischen Nation. Erhellend für Dmowskis Blick auf Deutschland, aber auch seinen Antisemitismus, ist der Essay „Der Hitlerismus als nationale Bewegung“ (1932). Die Quellentexte werden mit Erläuterungen versehen und dem Band wird eine ausführliche Einleitung vorangestellt.