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Edited by András Sajó

The essays in this collection reflect on the promises, hopes and fears dominant in the narratives on and realities of doing away with authoritarian regimes. The experiences of post-communist transition are matched with accounts on authoritarian traits present in established constitutional democracies and on authoritarian inclusions preserved in the new regimes in the post-transition phase. The essays combine first-hand insider accounts with interdisciplinary scholarly analysis. The first part of the collection focuses on considerations marking the way out of authoritarian - not restricted to socialist - regimes. The second part centers around experiences and problems which surface following the days of totalitarianism, both in newly emerged democracies and in well-established constitutional systems. Issues covered range from police practices to the role of the 'people' in post-authoritarian regimes. The dilemma transparent in all essays is whether 'coming out' of authoritarianism is possible at all.

Edwin Bikundo

provisionally conclude that it is impossible to completely extricate Schmitt from National Socialism, just as it is impossible to implicate him fully in its excesses. There is a difference after all, fine though it may be, between proto -fascism and fascism proper. This distinction, as we shall see below

D. Petrovec

period only a small number of Church officials gave support to the struggle against Fascism and Nazism. In general, locked in its blind struggle against the Communist movement, the Catholic Church linked arms with the forces of Hitler and Mus- solini ; in essence, against its own people and ultimately

Elisabeth Martin

. publ. – London [u.a.]: Routledge, 2008. – XV, 279 S. – ISBN: 0-415-44323-7 – ISBN: 0-415-44324-5 – ISBN: 978-0-415-44323-4 – ISBN: 978-0-415-44324-1 Roversi, Antonio: Hate on the Net: extremist sites, neo-fascism on-line, electronic Jihad / Antonio Roversi. – Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008. – X, 146 S

Vagn Greve

Fascism. The Rechtsstaat ideas together with human rights carry the justice systems of the Western countries as the backbone of society. They are reflected in all parts of legislation, but especially in criminal law, which has always functioned as the barometer of civilization. In present day criminal law

Per Stangeland

century socialism and 20th century fascism. We need new safeguards for individual liberties, but also new, less repressive but more efficient mechanisms of social control. In the last century, human society made enormous advances in engineering and technology. However, Spanish Criminology: Past, Present

Dan Kaminski

designation of those it excludes from the territory as well as from the soul of that citizenship. Why do we talk about drug addiction in the European 'Constitution'? The Treaty of Rome was signed during a period when the enemies past and present had political names: fascism and communism, Germany and the

Anja Matwijkiw

proto-fascism and fascism proper that made it possible for Schmitt to escape prosecution and, with this, individual criminal responsibility. No matter how ‘imperative’ the duties correlative to the acts of office are interpreted, Schmitt could not be said to have held any office in the first instance

L.H. Leigh

evolutionary process, the course of which cannot readily be foreseen. 105 102. P.J. Sutherland and C.A. Gearty, 'Insanity and the European Court of Human Rights', Criminal Law Review (1992) p. 418. 103. Christians Against Racism and Fascism v. United Kingdom, No. 8440/78. 104. Plattform 'Artzte Fiir Das Leben

Jörg Arnold and Emily Silverman

categories (e.g., totalitarianism, fascism, national socialism, communism, socialism, mili- tary dictatorship, civil dictatorship).13 Other aspects not to be overlooked are the difficulty of determining the precise moment of a political transition or change and the fact that a particu- lar system may change