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Saadi Simawe

e introduction explains the challenge of producing Iraqi literature. Th e crucibles of fascism, wars, genocidal sanctions, invasion and occupation in the last thirty years of Iraq’s history have killed many writers, but failed to kill the writing spirit (xv-xvi). Th e introduction then lists the new

Eyal Zisser

Nazi ideology. On the other hand, however, were those, certainly among the local elite, who expressed reservations about and rejected Nazism and fascism. We may sum up that Nordbruch’s important study will surely become a necessary addition to every scientific library dealing with the Levant between the

Joel Gordon

torn between nationalist and internationalist tendencies. The Italians in particular were undoubtedly caught in the vortex of Mussolini’s emergent and then internationally aggressive fascism. Shouldn’t their story be told alongside of and in relationship to the Jews, however important and weighty the

Esther Webman

Medoff, “The Mufti’s Nazi Years Re-examined,” The Journal of Israeli History , 17, 3 (1996), 317–333. 35 Flores, “Judeophobia in Context,” p. 323. See also: Mustafa Kabha, “‘My Enemy’ Enemy—A Friend’: Attitudes of the National Palestinian Movement towards Fascism and Nazism, 1925–1945,” Zmanim

Scott Lucas and Joanna Paraszczuk

,” he writes of fascism, “it simulates the ultimate one-dimensional universe, a particularly devastating source for the clash regime today” (p. 133). This argument is worth consideration, but the reader has the burden of extracting it from Adib-Moghaddam’s dense, unnecessarily meandering writing

Benny Morris

and favored an Allied victory in World War  II . Much research still needs to be done on the subject, but it would appear that Fascism/Nazism were quite popular among the intellectual classes in the Arab world before World War  II and that most educated Arabs, not to speak of the Arab “street

Amatzia Baram

prejudice. Keywords Orit Bashkin; Iraq; Shi " ites; Sunni; King Faysal; Farhud Monarchial Iraq of the s–s is often remembered as a country that developed a variety of totalitarian and ultra-nationalistic political and intel- lectual trends, some verging on fascism and Nazism. 1 The same Iraq is also

Muhsin Jassim Al-Musawi

° 38 Both Alberti and Lorca established the Union of Exiled Writers Against Fascism. On dedications, see Muhsin J. al-Musawi, "Dedications as Poetic Intersections," .Journal of Arabic Literature, 31, no. 1 (2000), pp. 1-37. 39 Tr. Frangieh, p. 161. 40 Tr. Frangieh, p. 161. 227 It should not be

Hussein N. Kadhim

' in Egypt." T.S. Eliot, "The Literature of Fascism," The Criterion Dec. 1928: 289. Commenting on the disruptive effects of British rule on the indigenous cultures of India, Eliot writes: To point to the damage that has been done to native cultures in the process of [British] imperial expansion is by

Georg Stauth

North-Africa, than in all other countries. Mass piety is a product of what Adorno calls «industrial culture» and propagated through and for the state it is close to what one might call religious fascism. Arkoun, however, remains very sensitive about this issue of a modern transformation of popular Islam