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Gramsci, Vygotsky, and the Egyptian Revolution
Author: Brecht De Smet
In A Dialectical Pedagogy of RevoltBrecht De Smet offers an intellectual dialogue between the political theory of Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci and the cultural psychology of Soviet thinker Lev Vygotsky within the framework of the Egyptian 25 January Revolution. Their encounter affirms the enduring need for a coherent theory of the revolutionary subject in the era of global capitalism, based on a political pedagogy of subaltern hegemony, solidarity, and reciprocal education.

Investigating the political and economic lineages and outcomes of the mass uprising of Tahrir Square, De Smet discusses the emancipatory achievements and hegemonic failures of the Egyptian workers’ and civil democratic movements from the perspective of their (in)ability to construct a genuine dialectical pedagogy.

occurred in the context of a single party regime between 1925 and 1945 which, if not fascist in the strict sense, carried some fascistic elements. Fascism is “ a revolutionary form of right-wing populism, inspired by a totalitarian vision of collective rebirth, that challenges capitalist political and

In: Turkey: The Pendulum between Military Rule and Civilian Authoritarianism

republicans and Democrats ( Duran, 2016 ). Cihan Tuğal (2016b) argues that Erdoğan’s Turkish state state state has slid between right-wing Bonapartism and neo-fascism over the last few years. Liberal columnist Cengiz Çandar also attributes a similarity between Bonaparte’s 18th Brumaire and

In: Turkey: The Pendulum between Military Rule and Civilian Authoritarianism

said, capitalist democracy is substantively if not absolutely distinct from certain exceptional forms of the capitalist state state state , as analysed by Poulantzas, such as fascism, Bonapartism Bonapartism Bonapartism , and military dictatorship “which override or smash the degree

In: Turkey: The Pendulum between Military Rule and Civilian Authoritarianism