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Mark Pittaway

Edited by Adam Fabry

From the Vanguard to the Margins is dedicated to the work of the late British historian, Dr Mark Pittaway (1971-2010), a prominent scholar of post-war and contemporary Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). Breaking with orthodox readings on Eastern bloc regimes, which remain wedded to the 'totalitarianism' paradigm of the Cold War era, the essays in this volume shed light on the contradictory historical and social trajectory of 'real socialism' in the region.

Mainstream historiography has presented Stalinist parties as 'omnipotent', effectively stripping workers and society in general of its 'relative autonomy'. Building on an impressive amount of archive material, Pittaway convincingly shows how dynamics of class, gender, skill level, and rural versus urban location, shaped politics in the period. The volume also offers novel insights on historical and sociological roots of fascism in Hungary and the politics of legitimacy in the Austro-Hungarian borderlands.

Marintha Miles

stand on the positions of secular fascism or, decided to tease believers for publicity? But my friends, [the] right to believe in his own God is in each of us, it is guaranteed by the Constitution and the Conscience. Let us respect the law and each other. Manuchehr : Umed, You correctly note the

Andrey Makarychev

individual to the common / collective body of the nation, with fascism as the most radical version of biopolitical purification. As the historical practices of totalitarian regimes – Hitler’s Germany and Stalin’s ussr – suggest, in the absence of political pluralism and viable civil society biopolitics is

Tvrtko Jakovina

Yugoslavs were never far from nationalism, ethno-identification was always very important, and after 1990 became de facto the only thing ex-Yugoslavs were known by. Mental return to the past, historical revisionism, rendezvous with fascism and Nazi collaboration, all had strengthened the “us-them” dichotomy

Cultural Capital in Times of Crisis

The Fragmentation of Sarajevo’s Post-War Cultural Elite

Jasmina Gavrankapetanović-Redžić

that was at the heart of the (former) state’s origin. Yet the incorporation of socialism or anti-fascism could greatly differ in purpose. As B explains, their understanding of culture is as a tool for emancipation, and the current situation contrasts with how culture was profusely supported during

Robert M. Hayden

” – and that was while fascism was only coming into power, and before the war that brought us the concepts of genocide and strategic bombing. In any event, India was re-organized into what would in Europe be nation-states, without its unity being seriously challenged. What the independence of India did

Andrey Makarychev

discursively producing feelings of fear and danger, 17 as epitomized by the pretentious Kremlin’s rhetoric of ‘a new struggle against fascism’ in Ukraine. Structurally Russian policies incorporate both above mentioned elements as its core factors, which widens Russia’s hegemonic positions by means of

Oksana Drozdova and Paul Robinson

have seized on these to depict the Russian president as having ultranationalist and far right tendencies. These commentators have made much of some positive statements Ilyin made at one point about fascism, and have also emphasized his repeated calls for an autocratic ‘dictatorial’ state. ‘Ilyin was

Hervé Lemesle

episodes of Croatian and Yugoslav history before, during and after the sww , discussing communist interpretation prevailing between 1945 and the 1980s, without minimizing the heroism of those who believed in the struggle against fascism or engaging in the kind of anticommunist revisionism prevalent in