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The Aesthetics of Horror

The Life and Thought of Richard von Kralik

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Richard Geehr

Austrian-born Richard von Kralik (1852–1934), the so-called poet laureate of Christian Socialism, espoused such hauntingly familiar themes as the “Christian-Germanic ideal of beauty” and the “Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.” Kralik wielded the tool of propaganda for the Christian Socialists and realized the powerful draw of nationalism when couched in art, poetry, music, and literature. Although Kralik seems to have had no direct influence upon Adolf Hitler, his quest for “pure” German culture and his use of propaganda to achieve those ends share a marked resemblance to the tactics of the Third Reich. Professor Richard Geehr pays meticulous attention to historical detail, avails himself of all available sources, and assesses judiciously Richard von Kralik’s life and influence in late-nineteenth and early-twentieth-century Austria.

The Irreligiousness of Fascism

The Concept of a “Religion of the State” in Raffaele Pettazzoni’s Studies — Analysis of the Subtext

Valerio S. Severino

wide debate on the sacralization of politics ranged from Eric Voegelin’s theories on political religions ( 1939 ), to the problems raised by Robert Bellah’s concept of a civil religion (1967) and George Mosse’s nationalization of the masses ( 1975 ). Among these, Emilio Gentile’s research on Fascism as

Lucia Ceci

Lucia Ceci reconstructs the relationship between the Catholic Church and Fascism. New sources from the Vatican Archives throw fresh light on individual aspects of this complex relationship: the accession of Mussolini to power, the war in Ethiopia, the racial laws, the comparison between Pius XI and Pius XII. This book offers a comprehensive reconstruction of this encounter, explaining the criteria that led Catholics to support a dictatorial, warmongering and racist regime. In contrast to the traditional periodization, the history begins with the childhood of Mussolini in the final years of the nineteenth century, and ends with the sudden collapse of his puppet regime, in 1945. This means to some extent placing in a different light the exceptional nature of the ventennio. The Italian original L’interesse superiore, Il Vaticano e l’Italia di Mussolini has won the “Friuli Storia” Prize for Studies of Contemporary History.

Kocku von Stuckrad

Religious Studies, Oude Boteringestraat 38, 9712 GK Groningen, Th e Netherlands c.k.m.von.stuckrad@rug.nl Abstract Against the background of fascism and the disasters of two world wars, during the fi rst decades of the twentieth century many European intellectuals were formulating nega- tive responses to

Guy Lancaster

Book Reviews / Mission Studies 26 (2009) 249–295 267 Th e Study of Religion under the Impact of Fascism . Edited by Horst Junginger. Leiden, Brill 2008. Pp. 663. $199.00. Th e Study of Religion under the Impact of Fascism constitutes the fi rst broad-based analysis of the role that historians of

Modernity and Terrorism

From Anti-Modernity to Modern Global Terror

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Milan Zafirovski and Daniel G. Rodeheaver

In Modernity and Terrorism: From Anti-Modernity to Modern Global Terror Milan Zafirovski and Daniel G. Rodeheaver analyze the nature, types, and causes of contemporary global terrorism. The book redefines modern terrorism in a novel more comprehensive manner compared to the previous literature. It examines counter-state and state terrorism, with an emphasis on the latter in light of its scale, persistence, and intensity as well as its relative neglect in the literature. The book identifies and predicts the general cause of most modern terrorism in anti-modernity as the adverse reaction to and reversal of liberal-democratic, secular, rationalistic, and globalized, modernity. In essence, it discovers and predicts anti-liberalism in the form of conservatism as the main source and force of modern terrorism.

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Martin Wein

In History of the Jews in the Bohemian Lands, Martin Wein traces the interaction of Czechs and Jews, but also of Christian German-speakers, Slovaks, and other groups in the Bohemian lands and in Czechoslovakia throughout the first half of the twentieth century. This period saw accelerated nation-building and nation-cleansing in the context of hegemony exercised by a changing cast of great powers, namely Austria-Hungary, France, Nazi Germany, and the Soviet Union. The author examines Christian-Jewish and inner-Jewish relations in various periods and provinces, including in Subcarpathian Ruthenia, emphasizing interreligious alliances of Jews with Protestants, such as T. G. Masaryk, and political parties, for example a number of Social Democratic ones. The writings of Prague’s Czech-German-Jewish founders of theories of nationalism, Hans Kohn, Karl W. Deutsch, and Ernest Gellner, help to interpret this history.

Vassilis Saroglou

relation between religion and racism: The role of post- critical beliefs. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 3, 85-102. Duriez, B. & Van Hiel, A. (2000). The march of modem fascism: A comparison of Social Dom- inance Orientation and Authoritarianism. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 1199

Jordan Peterson

their application can generate. Hence their philo- sophical fragility in the face of Communism, with its equally logical a priori assumption “from each according to his ability,” and of Fascism, predicated on the equally reasonable notion that the strongest and most brutal is most equipped to rule. For