this moment, the ideas of actions opposed to 15M and their consequences will be likened to fascism. Gracia Trujillo, one of the authors that has described and recuperated the history of lesbian women’s demands within 15M analysed its continuity with previous struggles. She explains the changes in the
fascism? Or can the word, rather, indicate a new way of being in common, one that became briefly visible in the communist experiment, understood first as the appearing of the truth of democracy before it collapsed under the weight of ideology and militarism? 1 Maurice Blanchot and Jean-Luc Nancy have
Cohen’s system, Benjamin’s approach found its most explosive political application in his confrontation with fascism. Formulated in the reviews col- lected under the title “Theories of German Fascism” (1930) and in the now famous treatise “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction” (1935
fascism and National Socialism, up to the supreme paradox where the defense of the human and its right is inverted into Stalinism (PP 340; PP’163. See also PP 341; PP’ 164). Similar to Benjamin, Levinas sees a connection between the liberal belief in progress manifested in the “bourgeois peace of the man
nonnegotiable. We must celebrate the freedom of each individual to follow her own vision of the future. The alternative, as history has shown, is fascism or war.
But we must be careful not to celebrate ideological pluralism inordinately. Tolerance surely has some limits in a civil society. In particular
connection between such ‘irrationalism’ and fascism, thereby suggesting that the entire field of myth, symbolism, gnosis, or esotericism was, by definition, tainted with dangerous political and immoral implications.” Wouter J. Hanegraaff, Esotericism and the Academy. Rejected Knowledge in Western Culture
Hand", sacred of transgression, was somehow meant to counteract Fascism, it may be noted that the Fascist theorist of religion, Julius Evola, mentor and friend to Eliade for fifty years, used the "Way of the Left Hand" to refer to his own brand of fascist spirituality. See, for example, Explorations
twen- tieth century. Levinas names the First World War, the Russian rev- olution betraying itself in Stalinism, fascism, Hitlerism, the war of 39–45, atomic bombings, genocide and war uninterrupted from that point onward. 30 These events revealed the weakness of the Western humanistic tradition
Henry W. Pickford (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998), 5–17, here 15 (translation amended).
184 Adorno, Metaphysics , 229.
185 Ibid., 217–218 (translation amended).
186 Similarly, Adorno wrote in his “Notes on Kafka”: “In fascism’s concentration camps, the boundary between life and death
argued against those "who do not recognize the uniqueness of the Jewish people and its special role in history" and suggested that the twentieth 46 Ibid., pp. 10, 13-14.
Historical continuity and Zionism 179 century Jewish and Israeli disposition against Fascism, Soviet dic- tatorship, and aggressive