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Hungarian Essays on Literature, Art, and Democratic Transition, 1945-1948
Author: György Lukács
Editor: Tyrus Miller
When the Hungarian Marxist philosopher and literary critic György Lukács returned to Hungary from Moscow after World War II, he engaged in a highly active phase of writing and speaking about the democratic culture needed to exorcise the remnants of fascism and to create the conditions for the advance of socialism in Central Europe. His essays of the period, including the influential volume Literature and Democracy, appear here for the first time in English translation. Engaged with questions of realist and modernist world-views in art, the relations of literary history to politics and social history, and the role of cultural intellectuals in public life, these essays offer a new look at one of the most influential Marxist thinkers of the twentieth century.
In Modern Architecture, Empire, and Race in Fascist Italy, Brian L. McLaren examines the architecture of the late-Fascist era in relation to the various racial constructs that emerged following the occupation of Ethiopia in 1936 and intensified during the wartime. This study is conducted through a wide-ranging investigation of two highly significant state-sponsored exhibitions, the 1942 Esposizione Universale di Roma and 1940 Mostra Triennale delle Terre Italiane d'Oltremare. These exhibitions and other related imperial displays are examined over an extended span of time to better understand how architecture, art, and urban space, the politics and culture that encompassed them, the processes that formed them, and the society that experienced them, were racialized in varying and complex ways.
Nationalsozialistische Massenspiele
Author: Evelyn Annuß
Als „Volksschule des Theaters“ werden populistische Massen-spiele nach der Machtübernahme entwickelt. Modern choreografiert, sollen sie das kollektive Bedürfnis hervorrufen, formiert und geführt zu werden. Dabei allerdings wandelt sich ihre Ästhetik grundlegend von einem chorischen Theater, das von der Liturgie und vom kollektiven Auftreten hergedacht wird, zum spektakulären Event. So zeugt die Formgeschichte dieser Massenspiele exemplarisch von veränderten affektpolitischen Regierungskünsten im Nationalsozialismus. Nach deren Formspezifika und Fortleben fragend, untersucht Evelyn Annuß die gouvernementale Dimension des NS-Massentheaters, analysiert zeitgenössische mediale Dispositiv-wechsel, internationale wie innenpolitische Konkurrenzen und die widersprüchliche Relation zwischen Propaganda und künstlerischer Avantgarde.
Author: Paul Bevan

Review , about the newly formed American organisation, The American Artists’ Congress (AAC). The passage refers to a worldwide trend amongst left-wing artists to use their artwork as a tool in the fight against fascism and to the widespread adoption of a new form of realist art that took the Socialist

In: A Modern Miscellany
Modernism, Christianity and Apocalypse stages an encounter between the fields of ‘Modernism and Christianity’ and ‘Apocalypse Studies’. The modernist impulse to ‘make it new’, to transform and reform culture, is an incipiently apocalyptic one, poised between imaginative representations of an Old Era or civilization and the experimental promise of the New. Christianity figures in formative tension with the ‘new’, but its apocalyptic paradigms continued to impact modernist visions of cultural revitalization.

In three sections tracing a rough chronology from the late nineteenth century fin de siècle, via interwar conflicts and the rise of ‘political religions’, to post-1945 anxieties such as the Bomb, this thematic is explored in nineteen far-ranging scholarly contributions, outlining a distinctive and fresh interdisciplinary field of study.
In: A Nation of Victims?

: “  ‘Distant Models’? Italian Fascism, National Socialism, and the Lure of the Classics ”, in Roche , Helen & Demetriou , Kyriakos (edd.), Brill’s Companion to the Classics, Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany ( Leiden & Boston ) 3 – 28 . doi: 10.1163/9789004299061_002. Rodríguez Pérez , Diana

In: New Approaches to Ancient Material Culture in the Greek & Roman World

was also meant to “show the paths opened to industrial progress” and to point out the “possibilities for the future.” 63 Figure 3 Propaganda posters of the main labour-unions in Catalonia during the Spanish Civil War. Left: “Comrade: work intensively to demonstrate your anti-fascism

In: Nuncius
Author: Silvia Armando

not a solitary, exclusively erudite initiative but rather the brainchild of a group of outstanding intellectuals and scholars with varied interests and sensibilities, who shared a common goal, namely, promoting the study of Islamic art in Italy. 

In: Muqarnas Online