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Mark Pittaway

Edited by Adam Fabry

From the Vanguard to the Margins is dedicated to the work of the late British historian, Dr Mark Pittaway (1971-2010), a prominent scholar of post-war and contemporary Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). Breaking with orthodox readings on Eastern bloc regimes, which remain wedded to the 'totalitarianism' paradigm of the Cold War era, the essays in this volume shed light on the contradictory historical and social trajectory of 'real socialism' in the region.

Mainstream historiography has presented Stalinist parties as 'omnipotent', effectively stripping workers and society in general of its 'relative autonomy'. Building on an impressive amount of archive material, Pittaway convincingly shows how dynamics of class, gender, skill level, and rural versus urban location, shaped politics in the period. The volume also offers novel insights on historical and sociological roots of fascism in Hungary and the politics of legitimacy in the Austro-Hungarian borderlands.

Diggins, John P.

Bibliographic entry in Chapter 12: The United States, Europe, and Asia between the World Wars | U.S. Relations with Europe authorDiggins, John P.imprintPrinceton: Princeton University Press, 1972.annotationDiggins analyzes American attitudes toward Italian fascism from the early 1920s through World

Maddux, Thomas R.

Bibliographic entry in Chapter 12: The United States, Europe, and Asia between the World Wars | Overviews authorMaddux, Thomas R.imprintHistorian 40 (May 1977): 85-103.annotationMaddux reevaluates the origins of the idea of "red fascism" as described in L. Adler and T. Paterson 1970. He disputes

Iver B. Neumann

article asks why it took so long for diplomatic representation to receive the attention it now has. I suggest that part of the answer lies in how, after the Second World War, intellectuals came to blame some of Fascism’s success on its successful aestheticisation of politics. Many proceeded to deny the


of asylum and openness towards asylum seekers are essential elements of EU member states’ self-perceptions as democratic states. Past experiences with fascism and other forms of totali- tarianism justify these self-perceptions. However, it is not only the moral quality of these norms and their place


as common history and heritage, disastrous experiences with extremist nationalism and fascism, common values, the expectation of gains, the re- alization of national interests, and common challenges. The energy for “an ever closer Union” (from the Treaty of Rome) comes, on the one hand, from the EU