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Edited by Sari Katajala-Peltomaa and Susanna Niiranen

The boundaries between mental, social and physical order and various states of disorder – unexpected mood swings, fury, melancholy, stress, insomnia, and demonic influence – form the core of this compilation. For medieval men and women, religious rituals, magic, herbs, dietary requirements as well as to scholastic medicine were a way to cope with the vagaries of mental wellbeing; the focus of the articles is on the interaction and osmosis between lay and elite cultures as well as medical, theological and political theories and practical experiences of daily life.
Time span of the volume is the later Middle Ages, c. 1300-1500. Geographically it covers Western Europe and the comparison between Mediterranean world and Northern Europe is an important constituent.
Contributors are Jussi Hanska, Gerhard Jaritz, Timo Joutsivuo, Kirsi Kanerva, Sari Katajala-Peltomaa, Marko Lamberg, Iona McCleery, Susanna Niiranen, Sophie Oosterwijk, and Catherine Rider.

The Anxieties of a Citizen Class

The Miracles of the True Cross of San Giovanni Evangelista, Venice 1370-1480

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Kiril Petkov

In The Anxieties of a Citizen Class: The Miracles of the True Cross of San Giovanni Evangelista, Venice 1370-1480 Kiril Petkov identifies the socio-psychological preoccupations accompanying the formation of the leading commoner group of early Renaissance Venice, the cittadini originarii, as revealed in a cycle of miracles performed by a fragment of the True Cross owned by the brotherhood of San Giovanni Evangelista. The study’s principal contention is that the miracles trace the evolution of the citizen elite from members of a large, fluid group of men of affairs to community managers to state servants. Each miracle highlights a stage of that process and the social anxieties engendered in the acquisition of a specific social identity.

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G. Anthony Keddie

(ἔχρισέν [MT: משח ]) me; he has sent me to bring good news to the poor (εὐαγγελίσασθαι πτωχοῖς), to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind; to summon the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of retribution, to comfort all who mourn so that to

Elizabeth Coatsworth and Gale R. Owen-Crocker

the Biblical references New Testament New Testament (Revelation 22: 1–2), its leaves ‘for the healing of the nations’. Iconography*, religious: New Testament and later Agnus Dei see_[i] Lamb of God Tree of Life Tree of Life, eagle and cross motifs appear also on the Alb Cologne Alb Cologne Cologne

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G. Anthony Keddie

earth, for the healing of (their) flesh and the judgment of their spirits. Their spirits are full of desire, so that their flesh will be judged, because they denied the Lord of Spirits. And they see their judgment every day and do not believe in his name. And the more their flesh is burnt, the more a