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Edited by Sari Katajala-Peltomaa and Susanna Niiranen

The boundaries between mental, social and physical order and various states of disorder – unexpected mood swings, fury, melancholy, stress, insomnia, and demonic influence – form the core of this compilation. For medieval men and women, religious rituals, magic, herbs, dietary requirements as well as to scholastic medicine were a way to cope with the vagaries of mental wellbeing; the focus of the articles is on the interaction and osmosis between lay and elite cultures as well as medical, theological and political theories and practical experiences of daily life.
Time span of the volume is the later Middle Ages, c. 1300-1500. Geographically it covers Western Europe and the comparison between Mediterranean world and Northern Europe is an important constituent.
Contributors are Jussi Hanska, Gerhard Jaritz, Timo Joutsivuo, Kirsi Kanerva, Sari Katajala-Peltomaa, Marko Lamberg, Iona McCleery, Susanna Niiranen, Sophie Oosterwijk, and Catherine Rider.


A Variety of Psychological Perspectives


Edited by Jacob A. Belzen and Antoon Geels


Antoon Vergote

In this volume we have brought together some of the most important contributions of Antoon Vergote to the field of what is now called 'clinical psychology of religion'. Most of these contributions were not published before in English. They cover the field in two ways. On the one hand we selected some articles in which Vergote reflects about the foundations of the (clinical) psychology of religion. This first part of the book is about the psychoanalytic and philosophical-anthropological approach of some major topics in the study of religion : e.g. mythical thinking and symbolisation, moral law and the idea of sin, religious experience... . In this part we also included a critical reflection about the classic psychoanalytic criticism of religion and about the epistemology and the limits of the psychology of religion. The second part, on the other hand, contains clinical-empirical and psycho-historical studies about concrete religious phenomena. The first section of this part is, amongst other topics, about the psychological approach of the person Jesus, about the psychological profile of the priest and, about some aspects of folk religiosity. The second section deals with problems in the field of mental health and religion : the differentiation of true and false mysticism, religion and psychopathology and a psychological approach of the experience of visions and apparitions.

Hugo Merchant

Angeles, CA, USA Rhythmic stimuli have long been used to alter consciousness and induce states of trance. Drumming is commonly used to induce trance in shamanism, humanity’s most ancient healing tradition. Despite cross-cultural ubiquity and powerful alterations of consciousness, little is known about the

Gerald Westheimer

Glasgow in 1946 he took the Diploma of Ophthalmic Medicine and Surgery (D.O.M.S.) of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1948. By the time he was awarded the Ph.D. degree in Glasgow in 1952 he had published several papers on corneal wound healing. The reference in Martindale's Extra Pharmacopeia to his 1950

Trevor B. Penney, Xiaoqin Cheng, Yan Ling Leow, Audrey Wei Ying Bay, Esther Wu, Sophie K. Herbst and Shih Cheng Yen

. Am. Stat. Assoc. , 92 , 299 – 306 . Wurtz R. H. ( 2008 ). Neuronal mechanisms of visual stability . Vision Res. , 48 , 2070 – 2089 . Yarrow K. , Haggard P. , Heal R. , Brown P. , & Rothwell J. C. ( 2001 ). Illusory perceptions of space and time preserve cross

Samantha D. Jansen, Joseph R. Keebler and Alex Chaparro

. Humes L. E. ( 2015 ). Research forum on changes in sensory perception in middle-aged adults: a summary of a special session at hearing across the lifespan (HEAL) 2014 , Am. J. Audiol. 24 , 79 . Institute of Medicine ( 2008 ). Retooling for an Aging America: Building the Health Care

Christopher Tyler

sense giving life to the dead. Rather than repose, the pyramid shape may evoke a concentration of forces with the flame at its heart. Certainly, the mystic interpretation of the pyramid gives it this role, and further attributes a variety of growth and healing power to the pyramid form per se . These

Francesca Bacci and David Melcher

completion. In African art it is common that a work is produced for a specific function, often ritual or religious, and from the moment it comes into existence this function determines its preservation and use by the delegated person — be it the head of the village or the healer/priest/shaman. It is in the