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Sammy Grave and Thomas Mentlak

have been most frequently attributed to parasitic infections, although some studies have indicated morphological abnor- malities maybe due to poor wound healing (reviewed in Aguirre & Hendrickx, 2005). Recently, deformations in European estuarine Palaemon species have also been attributed to pollutants

Muthusamy Rajkumar, Raju Saravanan, Gidda Maheswarudu and Abdul Kuthoos Abdul Nazar

healing as reported by Shelton et al. ( 1981 ). This is quite acceptable in the present case, hence, it is concluded that the third hypothesis of poor wound healing after moulting may be a possible reason for such deformity in P. hardwickii along this coast. Further studies on the organic load and

Mauricio Ramírez-Rodríguez and Esteban Félix-Pico

abnormalities were, however, not observed in C. johngarthi , at least not in our study. NOTES AND NEWS 1541 Similar to other crustaceans, these abnormalities likely result from deep wounds that failed to heal properly when inflicted on non-hardened cuticle, either after moulting or while regenerating

Robert J. Shields and Robert P. Goode

, which encapsulated the parasite and established the basis for wound healing. A second aspect of the host reaction, rejection of viable parasites, was noted by Shields & Tidd (1968). Hosts infested with young transformed females ( 2-5 days post penetration) were held at 10° C for 110 days and then raised

Yu-Sheng Wu, Hsiang-Yin Chen, Shie-Jiun Wu and Fan-Hua Nan

Shellfish Immunol. , 18 : 1 - 12 . Czaja , W. , A.   Krystynowicz , S.   Bielecki & R. M. Brown , 2006 . Microbial cellulose — the natural power to heal wounds . Biomaterials , 27 : 145 - 151 . Delatte , S. J. , J.   Evans , A.   Hebra , W.   Adamson , H. B. Othersen & P

Richard B. Nickerson and George W. Gray

. In: Regeneration, 1: 818. (Borntraeger, Berlin). NEEDHAM, A. E., 1952. Regeneration and wound healing: 152. (Methuen, London). SHUSTER, C. N. Jr., D. H. B. ULMER, Jr., & W. A. VAN ENGEL, 1963. Claw deformities in the Blue Crab. Estuarine Bull., Univ. Delaware, 2-3 (7): 15-23, figs. 1-29.

Spanò, Bianchini and Ragonese

to its death, which was eventually caused by bad water quality about two months after the malformation occurred. Based on the mutilations carried out for the genetic study, it has been observed that even serious traumas to the exoskeleton heal quickly, and are usually repaired with the next moult. It

Nicolas Lavesque and Christopher W. Ashelby

- bility (Aguirre & Hendrickx, 2005 and references therein), poor wound healing, perhaps following unsuccessful predation, seems the most plausible explanation for the rostral deformation described here. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Xavier de Montaudouin is thanked for his help during sampling. Guy Bachelet, Sammy De

John Davenport, Mary Catherine Gallagher and Rob McAllen

identified as a Suberites species, initially as Suberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792) (fig. 1), but see discussion below. The sponge was 76 × 49 × 32 (height) mm; the crab carapace length was 14.5 mm (adult size; Hayward & Ryland, 1995 ). The sponge showed some signs of (healed) damage (fig. 1A). After

Rui Zhang Guan

percentage of adult females than of males lost part of one or more of their marks. This may be connected with a quicker healing of the punched holes in the uropods and telson and regrowth of the clipped pleuron during the egg hatching period. The marks on most adult females made before spawning season were