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Olympia Bekou

elements of a horizontal cooperation system, i.e. akin to that employed in inter-State relationships. 8 For example, the use of a State’s own national procedures is permitted, 9 as opposed to a uniform centralised procedure which would have been too onerous to implement for (potentially) limited

Marinella Marmo

as ‘only an internal issue’ results in a lack of coordination of the horizontal judicial dialogue. Another possible concomitant cause of the discontinuous horizontal dialogue could be the effect of a divergent perception of the role of the two European courts. Besides, an unclear relationship between

Javid Gadirov

institutionalized perpetration. It is not surprising that in such cases perpetration scenarios often, or even typically, involve overdetermined 3 or indeterministic causation of harm. Overdetermination of harm happens when there are two or more causes that provide the effect in question. A simple example is a

Robin Lööf

that a potential bis in idem is no bar to extradition or expulsion. 9 1.2. ‘Bis’ The notion of ‘ bis ’ relates to the types of decision which have the effect of preclud- ing future proceedings on the same matter. The ECtHR has not yet handed down any judgments dealing with the question of how ‘finally

Michael Ramsden and Isaac Yeung

1 Introduction The scope and effect of the Head of State immunity doctrine before the International Criminal Court (‘ icc ’) has prompted much scholarly discussion following the 2011 decision of the first Pre-Trial Chamber (‘ ptc I ’) concerning the applicability of immunities for incumbent

Wilkitzki

fundamental differences between “horizontal” co-operation amongst States and “vertical” co-operation between States and international courts. Such a (foreign lawyers would say “very German”) solu- tion would have made the draft itself “slimmer”, but also harder to understand (for lawyers and laypeople); it

Guénaël Mettraux, John Dugard and Max du Plessis

position that Bashir’s immunities as a sitting head of State had effectively been set aside by UNSC Resolution 1593 (2005), which referred the situation of Darfur to the Prosecutor of the ICC . 4 The ICC ’s decision was in turn given effect the next day by a decision of the Gauteng Division of

G. Dannecker

. Official Journal No. L 13, p. 204 (of 21 February 1962). 38. H.-J. Schroth, 'Sanktionsbewehrte Pflichtenstellungen in der geplanten EWG-Fusionsverordnung', Wirtschaft und Wettbewerb ( 1989) pp. 103 et seq. 235 States and effect prevention, restriction or falsification of competition. Therefore

Göran Sluiter

The Law of International Criminal Procedure and Domestic War Crimes Trials GÖRAN SLUITER* Abstract This article deals with the question of possible effect of the law of international criminal procedure for domestic war crimes trials. With the increasing number of national prosecutions for war

Dan Kaminski

policies of the Community. Drug addiction is the only one that is 4. In effect, The European Council of Lisbon of 26 and 27 June 1992 has recognized, amongst other things, arms trafficking and terrorism, and the fight against drugs as an appropriate area for a concerted action on the part of the European