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Philip C. C. Huang

core the idea of a legally enforceable agreement in a horizontal relationship between two parties of roughly equivalent bargaining power, something that originated mainly in the commercial exchange activities of market economies. “Responsibility assignments,” on the other hand, has mainly to do with a

B.J. van Helvoirt and A.C.M. van Westen

distinct economic structures and devel- opment paths. They thus allow a comparative analysis of the role of regional institutions. How is this diversity reflected in terms of regional differences in inter-firm networks, both in vertical production chains and in regionally embedded horizontal networks? And how

Himanshu Jha

poor’s “capabilities” to improve their living conditions. Jobless growth is accompanied by destabilization of earlier structures such as public Distribution system (PDS) threatening the food security of poor households. Authors opine that the cumulative effect of exclusion and the resultant grievances

John Lie

, 1983:4). Or, as Fredrik Barth confesses: "we still do not know how to go about describ- ing complex civilizations" (Barth, 1993:3). The Chrysanthemum and the Sword The Japan of 1945 was, surely, a complex society by any definition but Benedict did not heed her own caveat. Japan is, in effect, relegated

Lee Boon Thong

the zero-order coefficients. When both the partial and zero-order coefficients of all three cases were fitted on the basis of Kendall and Lazarsfeld's s (1950)26 five space possibilities, the Q values occurred in the region of "no effect". 27 It may, thus, be said that the life cycle variables

Bedriye Asımgil

cornice have a linear and horizontal effect in building facade (Figure 11). The triangular pediment is seen in some structures. Entrances are typically considered a feature of Greek architecture. Entrances are divided into two groups depending on their positions in the building; on the right or left side

Corporate (Non-)Accountability and Human Rights

Approaches from the Regional Human Rights Systems and Prospects for the ASEAN

Stéfanie Khoury

courts to address this gap; these are positive obligations, the horizontal effect, duty to prevent and due diligence. The overview of these mechanisms provides some precedents for the developing ASEAN human rights system. 5 Mechanisms to Address Corporate Accountability A

Beyond Actorness

Structure and Agency in EUASEAN Interregionalism

Lukas Maximilian Müller

, distinct strategic agency by both ASEAN and the EU is highlighted. For ASEAN , these strategies consist of (1) omni-enmeshment, (2) vertical and horizontal hedging, and (3) the rule of relative institutionalisation. For the EU , these strategies consist of (1) a pragmatic approach towards ASEAN , (2

Edward A. Sayre

that inequality (a measure often assumed to measure rela- tive deprivation) did have a positive effect on the frequency of conflicts. Work by Auvinen and Nafziger (1999) and Nafziger and Auvinen (2002) also examine this subject but use a different dependent variable. Rather than being focused solely on

Moch Faisal Karim

. The first is the horizontal interaction between the new emerging regulatory actor designed to create better governance and the old existing institution that represents the old governance in a newly-democratised polity. The second is the vertical interaction between the emergence of more authoritative