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Edited by Guy S. Goodwin-Gill and Philippe Weckel

International migration and refugee protection are at a crossroads. On the one hand, contested rules and the absence of competent institutions open the door to exploitation, smuggling and trafficking, and also to inefficient, often ineffective management at the State level; on the other, long-accepted rules of refugee protection, such as non-refoulement, are under strain as States struggle to cope with increasing numbers of the displaced and an international infra-structure seemingly incapable of dealing adequately with causes, including conflict, of promoting solutions and sharing responsibility fairly and equitably, and of ensuring protection of the rights of those on the move.
This collection of essays could not be more timely. Coming from a wide range of backgrounds and experience, the authors take up these issues, from the very nature of migration and displacement in a world of sovereign States, through tentative efforts to improve migration management by way of treaty, to the ever-present tension between individual rights and State interests.
This volume provides essential reading for anyone interested in the burning questions of today, and in the role of international law in steering coherent responses and facilitating humane solutions.

La migration internationale et la protection des réfugiés sont à un tournant. D’un côté, des règles contestées et l’absence d’institution compétente ouvrent la porte à l’exploitation et au trafic de contrebande, ainsi qu’à une gestion étatique inefficace. D’un autre côté, des règles concernant la protection des réfugiés acceptées depuis longtemps, comme le principe de non-refoulement, sont mises à mal car les Etats ont du mal à gérer le nombre grandissant de personnes déplacées. De plus, l’infrastructure internationale est incapable de gérer de façon adéquate les causes, tels que les conflits, ou de promouvoir des solutions et de partager la responsabilité de façon juste et équitable, ainsi que d’assurer la protection des droits des personnes en déplacement.
Ce recueil d’essais arrive à point nommé. Les auteurs viennent d’horizons très variés et tentent d’aborder ces problématiques en partant de la nature même de la migration et du déplacement dans un monde d’Etats souverains en essayant d’apporter des solutions afin d’avoir une meilleure gestion de la migration par des traités, en observant la tension entre les droits individuels et les intérêts des Etats.
Ce volume est incontournable pour quiconque s’intéresse à ce sujet d’actualité, et plus particulièrement au rôle du droit international dont on attend des réponses cohérentes et des solutions humaines.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 36.

With a contribution of:
C. d’Orsi
J. Pina-Delgado
S. Iglesias Sánchez
J. Silga
F. Baetens
F. Ippolito
E. Papastavridis
C.-A. Chassin
J. Beqiraj
P. Wojcikiewicz Almeida
F. Zorzi Giustiniani
J. Ríos Rodríguez
S. Scarpa
B. M. Metou
E. Hostettler
E. Salamanca Aguado
V. Moreno-Lax

Elizabeth Lhost

became the Qazis Act (Act XII of 1880)—an act that is still in effect in India today, and one under which qazis continue to claim authority—was fairly brief. 17 It gave the government the right to appoint qazis for areas in which the local population requested such an appointment and to remove

Michael Morony

surface and vertical, inclined, or horizontal workings sunk into the mountainside. Some workings have stone platforms at the mouth. 98 A granite crushing block found at the entrance to a mine surrounded by chunks of quartz suggests that the ore was reduced at the mouth of the mine. 99 Concave granite


Willy Clarysse and Dorothy J. Thompson

Ptolemy iii (mid June-mid July 229 bc ). 1 Two new fragments found in the Sorbonne collection (P. Sorb. inv. 1351) complete the bottom of cols x–xii of the recto and the foot of (old) cols xx–xxiv on the verso. 2 A further large piece of papyrus (P. Sorb. inv. 1344), measuring 36.5 cm horizontally

Boğaç A. Ergene and Atabey Kaygun

analysis. This study revealed that in early- to mid-eighteenth-century (1712-60) Kastamonu, there were strong obstacles to intergenerational mobility across military and religious establishments, which we identified as “horizontal segmentation.” The study also showed that it was unlikely for fathers who

Bret Hinsch

to accommodate two vastly different political models. Rulers and officials had to somehow reconcile a “North Asian nomad confederacy with a prior tendency toward horizontal modes of succession” with an “imperial-court patrimonial structure of rule with a definitive orientation toward a vertical


W. Matt Malczycki

lines 2 and 3). The horizontal extension of the letter ḥāʾ in al-raḥmān (the Merciful) is an example of mashq , the technique in which scribes lengthen words horizontally to fill lines for aesthetic effect. 11 The downward horizontal curved nūn that is extended without being completely returned

Theodore J. Lewis

incomparable savior,” for it is ʾIlu alone who delivers Kirta from his various dilemmas, not the gods in general. Thus “the poem in effect makes ʾIlu* the one and only reliable object of faith.” “ ʾIlu* is the unrivalled master of specific royal affairs, but by extension of human affairs in general.” 2 At

Elisabeth C.L. During Caspers

". It still remains to be judged, as to whether these representational parallels should be considered as having been effected by mercantile transaction, or whether in the late 4th and early third millennia B.C. there was in existence between these three cultural areas, a closer, more intimate and

innate ability, we should in any case expect there to be a certain hereditary factor-with regression towards the norm but still enough effect to weight the balance in favour of the sons of the elite. When we add to this the far greater opportunities for leisure and study that would naturally be found in