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Violet Soen

tactics, which are often neglected, but also to understand the broader context of questions of resistance and reconciliation during the Dutch Revolt. As a clever strategist, the Prince (and later Duke) of Parma reconquered many cities for Philip II, more than any of his predecessors or successors, and

Conflict and Reconciliation

Perspectives on Nicolas of Cusa


Edited by Inigo Bocken

This book deals with one of the main themes in the life and thinking of Nicholas of Cusa (1401-1464), the experience of conflict and the need to realise reconciliation and tolerance. The essays in this volume are discussing not only the various conflicts in which this important philosopher, theologian, mathematician and politician of the 15th century was involved, but also try to interpret the main speculative themes in his philosophical and theological works in the perspective of his historical experiences. As such, the book also delivers a contribution to a better understanding of intellectual, religious and cultural life of the 15th Century as an era of transition between late Middle Ages and Early Modernity.

Contributors include: Inigo Bocken, Tilman Borsche, Gerald Christianson, Jean-Michel Counet, Jos Decorte (†), Wilhelm Dupré, Stephan van Erp, Maarten J.F.M. Hoenen, William Hoye, Thomas Izbicki, Frans Maas, Markus Riedenauer, Nikolaus Staubach, and Anton G. Weiler.


Oskar Garstein

The author tries to trace the complex processes that combined to form the policies of the Roman Curia in cooperation with Propaganda, the Jesuit Fathers, and at times with the Great Catholic Powers vis-à-vis Scandinavia during the reigns of Christian IV of Denmark and Norway and most especially of the warrior king, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and of his daughter Queen Christina. On the basis of the original authentic documents in deposits all over Europe, though most especially in the Vatican, Propaganda, and Jesuit archives, the author attempts to unfold the clandestine work of the Counter-Reformation orchestrated from Rome during the Thirty Years' War. Moreover, he provides a partly new study of the motives that brought about the reconciliation with Rome of Queen Christina of Sweden.


Edited by Jean Rott

During the last forty years there has been a remarkable resurgence in interest by 16th-century historians in the Strasbourg Reformer, Martin Bucer (1491-1551). The components and originality of his thoughts and his actions, as well as the reality of his ideas are emerging more and more. This is largely due to the new edition of his works undertaken by an international committee, established in 1952. This edition is divided into three sections: Opera Latina (of which 5 volumes have appeared since 1953 : vols. 1-3, 15 and 15 bis); Deutsche Schriften (10 volumes since 1960: vols. 1-6, 3, 7 and 17); Correspondance (vol. 1, 1979). The present second volume of the Correspondance (1524-1526) essentially covers five themes: 1) the controversies with the Roman church, 2) the evangelical propaganda, especially in the Roman speaking countries, 3) the sacramentarian dispute and the search for reconciliation, 4) the Peasant war and 5) the beginning of the anabaptist crisis.

Charles Parker

PILGRIMS' PROGRESS: NARRATIVES OF PENITENCE AND RECONCILIATION IN THE DUTCH REFORMED CHURCH CHARLES PARKER Saint Louis University ABSTRACT Historians over the past twenty years have utilized consistory records to analyze long- term patterns of illicit behavior and church punishment in Reformed

Communal Christianity

The Life and Loss of a Peasant Vision in Early Modern Germany


David Mayes

David Mayes proposes a new religious paradigm in early modern rural Germany. “Communal Christianity,” the religious practice prevalent among peasants in mid-sixteenth-century rural Upper Hesse is juxtaposed with the more formally organized “Confessional” sects (e.g. Lutheran, Calvinist). The author describes Communal Christianity’s characteristics and persistence in the face of attempts at confessionalization during the period of 1576-1648 and links its success in part to the decree of the 1555 Religious Peace of Augsburg that only one confessionalized Christian sect be officially recognized in a territory. Confessional sects became marginalized, and more locally well-established peasant communes retained power. The 1648 Peace of Westphalia encouraged reconciliation of confessionalized Christian sects, paradoxically spurring the decline of Communal Christianity in certain locales.

Albert, Claudia

The basic model of the early modern Bildungsroman was “the biography of a young protagonist … , which runs through a sequence of errors and disappointments to reconciliation with the world” [3. 35]. But even the few literary scholars who consider the Bildungsroman an independent genre cannot avoid

Scorched Earth

Studies in the Archaeology of Conflict

Edited by Tony Pollard and Iain Banks

This volume draws together a series of new studies into various aspects of the archaeology of conflict. Part of the volume focuses on conflict in the twentienth century, with several papers dealing with the growing field of First World War archaeology, which is also the main theme of the extended editorial. Further contributions focus on a variety of subjects, including the use of historic maps in locating the remains of 16th century sieges, the impact of disease on a 17th century army and a discussion of the political context of cultural research heritage in Ireland with respect to battlefield heritage.