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This book emphasizes a forgotten aspect of human rights, i.e., to establish that human rights captures its meaning from human activism and advocacy. It explores factors which drive the advocacy of human rights integrating religious values reflected in human rights law. The book explores human rights activism in the history of ideas and the contributions of Celtic culture. It develops the framework for understanding the human rights struggle and the advocacy functions which drive it, exploring the critical role of emotion in the form of sentiment, either positive or negative, that promotes or prevents human rights violations. The negative sentiment chapter explores the major forms of human rights violations. Positive sentiment explores the role of affect, empathy and human solidarity in the promotion of the culture of human rights. Further chapters explore affect, gender, and sexual orientation, human rights and socio-economic justice, human rights and revolution, transitional justice, indigenous human rights, nuclear weapons and intellectual property.

To date, only a small group of transitional justice initiatives has sought to address the link between natural resources and armed conflict, with different aims and results. 5 This article focuses on Truth and Reconciliation Commissions ( trc s) and in particular on the work of the Sierra Leonean

In: International Community Law Review

50 A Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Bosnia and Herzegovina: An Idea Whose Time has Come NEIL J. KRITZ AND JAKOB FINCI* Those emerging from a history of abuses and massive trauma – whether individuals or societies – are ill-advised to repress their painful past rather than confronting

In: International Law FORUM du droit international

Nordic Journal of International Law 69: 35–52, 2000. © 2000 Kluwer Law International. Printed in the Netherlands. 35 Psychological Aspects of Human Rights Violations: The Importance of Justice and Reconciliation NORA SVEAASS and NILS JOHAN LAVIK Department of Psychology, University of Oslo

In: Nordic Journal of International Law

112 Promoting Justice, Truth and Reconciliation in Transitional Societies: Evaluating Rwanda’s Approach In the New Millennium of Using Community Based Gacaca Tribunals To Deal With the Past JEREMY SARKIN 1 Introduction In all probability, how a society decides to deal with its past has a major

In: International Law FORUM du droit international
La Vente internationale de Marchandises et le Conflit de Lois, Michel Pelichet

The principal subject of the course of Michel Pelichet, Deputy Secretary-General of the Hague Conference on private international law, is the study of the The Hague Convention of 1986, which is a revision of the one of 1955. Michel Pelichet devotes the first part of his course to examine the reasons which led the Hague Conference to create a revised version of the 1955 Convention. These reasons are conceptual and historical in nature and are indicative of the spirit which reigned at the end of the 1960s, particularly regarding the place occupied by private international law in the unification process of substantive law.
The second part of the course provides an analysis of the 1986 Convention and its relation to the Convention of Vienna of 1980.

« Good offices » in international relations in the light of Swiss Practice and Experience, Raymond R. Probst

Raymond Probst, former Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in Bern, develops his course on good offices in international relations in the light of Swiss practice and experiences in nine chapters. The first chapter is devoted to the notion of "Good Offices". In the second chapter, the author studies the relation between neutrality and good offices. In the next chapter, he reviews in detail the Swiss experience in the field. In the next chapters, the author examines the Swiss arbitral activity on the basis of peace treaties, good offices of a political nature, the notion of protecting power, the mandate of protecting power and the new forms of general good offices.

United Nations Peace-keeping Operations: Their Importance and Their Limitations in a Polarized World


Fou-Tchin Liu

In this speech, Fou-Tchin Liu, former UN Assistant Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs draws attention to the importance and the limitations of the United Nations peace-keeping operations in a polarized world. By way of encouragement and conclusion he reminds us that the Treaty of Paris of 1783, which opened the way to reconciliation between Great Britain and the United States, was achieved only after extremely difficult negotiations.
The volume edited by Bartłomiej Krzan offers different perspectives on the prosecution of international crimes. The analyses contained therein reflect different backgrounds, mainly legal, combining several disciplines, and making it a multidisciplinary study.
The main (but definitely not the exclusive) point of reference is that of international law. In addition, other perspectives, those of legal history or sociology of law and obviously the one of criminal law (both substantive and procedural) provide useful alternatives or in most occasions complementary approaches to the examination of the prosecution of international crimes.
The book combines different views, backgrounds and underlying assumptions. But gathered together they, it is to be hoped, shed some additional, useful light that might be helpful for identifying new dimensions of the reaction (judicial or other) towards international crimes.

Contributors: Władysław Czapliński, Patrycja Grzebyk, Witold Jakimko, Wojciech Jasiński, David Kohout, Karolina Kremens, Bartłomiej Krzan, Krzysztof Masło, Neringa Mickevičiūtė, Robert Uerpmann-Wittzack, Regina Valutyté, Karolina Wierczyńska, Joachim Wolf, Loammi Wolf, and Justinas Žilinskas.

of large-scale past abuses, in order to ensure accountability, serve justice and achieve reconciliation. These may include both judicial and non-judicial mechanisms, with differing levels of international involvement (or none at all) and individual prosecutions, reparations, truth

In: Nordic Journal of International Law
The Finnish Yearbook of International Law aspires to honour and strengthen the Finnish tradition in international legal scholarship. Open to contributions from all over the world and from all persuasions, the Finnish Yearbook stands out as a forum for theoretically informed, high-quality publications on all aspects of public international law, including the international relations law of the European Union.

The Finnish Yearbook publishes in-depth articles and shorter notes, commentaries on current developments, book reviews, and relevant overviews of Finland’s state practice. While firmly grounded in traditional legal scholarship, it is open for new approaches to international law and for work of an interdisciplinary nature.
Editor: Eytan Gilboa
This is the first book to focus on media and conflict - primarily international conflict - from multidisciplinary, cross-national and cross-cultural perspectives. Twenty-two contributors from around the globe present original and thought provoking research on media and conflict in the United States, Central America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Russia, and Asia.
Media and Conflict includes works both on the traditional print and electronic media and on new media including the Internet. It explores the role media play in different phases of conflict determined by goal and structure including conflict management, conflict resolution, and conflict transformation.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.