, Pentecostal churches ultimately contributed to a wider public silence, calling into question their ability to provide social healing and reconciliation in the postgenocide era (see also Grant 2018). This, however, was not unique to the new Pentecostal churches; other mainline churches have also responded with
and religious traditions. Their work aesthetically embodies an imaginary scene of Turner’s ‘social drama’ that is reflective of the personal and collective lived experiences of Muslim negotiation, reconciliation and integration of religious and secular, local and transitional discourses in their
could be covered from within and not only from outside a dominant local culture.
This reconciliation between Islam and the feminist universal values could be highly achieved if only the process of ʾijtihād and the consideration of the social change are stressed. ʾIjtihād is the reinterpretation of
of making them financially independent. Muntadā Zahrāʾ thus promotes women’s social, religious and economic independence and empowerment .
In addition, Zahrāʾ forum plays the role of mediation to save women’s conflectual relations. Zahraʾ Forum introduced the strategy of ṣulḥ (reconciliation
center of refuge, security, and reconciliation. She took on the role of the arbiter saint who not only defended tribal territory against the maghzen , but also among tribes in a context where controversial relations over water, lands, and animals prevailed.
Although women were denied political rights