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Cuiling ZHANG and Geoffrey Stewart MORRISON

Forensic voice comparison is an analysis performed in order to assist a court of law to decide whether a voice of questioned identity on an audio recording was produced by a particular speaker of known identity. A typical scenario is that the voice of questioned identity is that of an offender

A. Govindankutty

VOICING AND VOICELESSNESS IN TOLKÄPPIY AM! by A. GOVINDANKUTTY University of Kerala, Trivandrum, S. India O. R. Radhakrishnan in his note "Tolkäppiyam on Intervocalic Stops" published in the Indo-Iranian Journal (Vol. IX, No.3 [1966], pp. 209- 210) points out that Tolkäppiyar has used the term


One of the most popular humor forms in China from the early 20th century to the present time is the verbal art of xiàngsheng 相聲, literally ‘face and voice’, indicating that the art form primarily involves facial expression and vocal skills. The name is often translated into English as ‘crosstalk


Intonation, when used in a narrow sense, refers to fundamental frequency (henceforth F0) patterns in speech that convey information beyond lexical meanings. In a broader sense, intonation also includes other suprasegmental patterns such as duration, intensity and voice quality, etc., that also

Ananthanarayan Ravi KRISHNAN and Jackson T. GANDOUR

variations in voice fundamental frequency contours provide the dominant acoustic cue for tone recognition (Gandour 1994). Behavioral data, e.g., lesion deficits after stroke (Eng et al. 1996; Gandour 1998,...

Jonathan SMITH

-), while “tightly attached preinitials” give PM voiced aspirates (*C.b- > PM *bh- and MC b -). These newest suggestions offer an opportunity to pause and assess our direction. One concern is that Baxter & Sagart’s (2014) *Cǝ.CV[C] vs. *C.CV[C]—a proposed contrast between minor syllables consisting

Hannes A. FELLNER and Nathan W. HILL

words from the appendix of the American Heritage Dictionary pointed to by the reviewer. *wek w -. To speak. 1. O-grade form *wō̆k w - in: a. Latin vōx (stem vōc -), voice: VOCAL , VOICE , VOWEL ; b. Greek ops , voice: CALLIOPE . 2. Suffixed o-grade form * wok w -ā- in Latin vocāre , to call

Jianhong ZENG, Christoph ANDERL and Ann HEIRMAN

construction is a middle voice, 1 by treating the kě sentence as a whole. Yet, this study merely compared the syntactic and semantic characteristics of the kě construction with the definition of middle voice in English, while totally ignoring its formation process. By contrast, Ding & Zhang (2012) did


related to Latin vox ‘voice’ found in the American Heritage Dictionary F&H (this volume, p. 95) acknowledge that this is a word family, but say that to call it that is pointless: “it is not obvious that anything is gained if the reconstructed forms and the English words are called allofams; the


few perfect examples (F&H demonstrate how linguistics should be done with the perfectly transparent IE word family of Latin vox ‘voice’); yet when one leaves their comfort zone, perfect regularity is just out of reach. An IE word family may include items that cannot (yet) be shown with