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  • Ethics & Moral Philosophy x

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Edited by Thomas Magnell

The essays in Explorations of Value are drawn from work first presented at the 20th Conference of Value Inquiry. They are not mere records of conference presentations. The authors have reflected on their initial presentations. They have re-thought arguments in light of discussions at the conference. They have revised their work. All of this has combined to bring fresh ideas on important issues into carefully considered discussions. The nineteen authors of the essays do not share a common viewpoint on all problems of value inquiry. They are certainly not in agreement in their conclusions. Their concerns, however, cluster around a recognizable body of questions. Several of the authors raise fundamental questions on the nature of values and the possibility of giving them an objective status. Some of the authors raise questions about where value inquiry becomes value advocacy. They are also ready to ask whether or not advocacy is in the legitimate purview of philosophers. A number of authors set out to examine conditions of moral practice and of harming or benefiting people in general. Other authors show a concern for juxtaposing moral values and aesthetic values, in some cases to observe similarities, in some, differences. Finally, a few authors focus on particular notions such as forgiveness, intimacy, and love that are central to our lives.

Towards Humane Technologies

Biotechnology, New Media and Ethics

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Edited by Naomi Sunderland, Phil Graham, Peter Isaacs and Bernard McKenna

What are the ethical and political implications when the very foundations of life—things of awe and spiritual significance—are translated into products accessible to few people? This book critically analyses this historic recontextualisation. Through mediation—when meaning moves ‘from one text to another, from one discourse to another’—biotechnology is transformed into analysable data and into public discourses.
The unique book links biotechnology with media and citizenship.
As with any ‘commodity’, biological products have been commodified. Because enormous speculative investment rests on this, risk will be understated and benefit will be overstated. Benefits will be unfairly distributed. Already, the bioprospecting of Southern megadiverse nations, legally sanctioned by U. S. property rights conventions, has led to wealth and health benefits in the North.
Crucial to this development are biotechnological discourses that shift meanings from a “language of life” into technocratic discourses, infused with neo-liberal economic assumptions that promise progress and benefits for all. Crucial in this is the mass media’s representation of biotechnology for an audience with poor scientific literacy. Yet, even apparently benign biotechnology spawned by the Human Genome Project such as prenatal screening has eugenic possibilities, and genetic codes for illness are eagerly sought by insurance companies seeking to exclude certain people.
These issues raise important questions about a citizenship that is founded on moral responsibility for the wellbeing of society now and into the future. After all, biotechnology is very much concerned with the essence of life itself. This book provides a space for alternative and dissident voices beyond the hype that surrounds biotechnology.

Peace Philosophy and Public Life

Commitments, Crises, and Concepts for Engaged Thinking

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Edited by Greg Moses and Gail M. Presbey

To a world assaulted by private interests, this book argues that peace must be a public thing. Distinguished philosophers of peace have always worked publicly for public results. Opposing nuclear proliferation, organizing communities of the disinherited, challenging violence within status quo establishments, such are the legacies of truly engaged philosophers of peace. This volume remembers those legacies, reviews the promise of critical thinking for crises today, and expands the free range of thinking needed to create more mindful and peaceful relations. With essays by committed peace philosophers, this volume shows how public engagement has been a significant feature of peace philosophers such as Camus, Sartre, Dewey, and Dorothy Day. Today we also confront historical opportunities to transform practices for immigration, police interrogation, and mental health, as we seek to sustain democracies of increasing multicultural diversity. In such cases our authors consider points of view developed by renowned thinkers such as Weil, Mouffe, Conway, and Martín-Baró. This volume also presents critical analysis of concepts for thinking about violence, reconsiders Plato’s philosophy of justice, and examines the role of ethical theory for liberation struggles such as Occupy!

Alasdair MacIntyre's Engagement with Marxism

Selected Writings 1953-1974

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Edited by Paul Blackledge and Neil Douglas Davidson

Although Alasdair MacIntyre is best known today as the author of After Virtue (1981), he was, in the 1950s and 1960s, one of the most erudite members of Britain’s Marxist Left: being a militant within, first, the Communist Party, then the New Left, and finally the heterodox Trotskyist International Socialism group. This selection of his essays on Marxism from that period aims to show that his youthful thought profoundly informed his mature ethics, and that, in the wake of the collapse of the state-capitalist regimes in Russia and Eastern Europe, the powerful and optimistic revolutionary Marxist ethics of liberation he articulated in that period is arguably as salient to anti-capitalist activists today as it was half a century ago.

Zina B. Ward

is missing, then, are dissenting voices. In the editors’ concluding chapter, they are forced to speculate about what opponents of the argument from inductive risk would say (p. 269). It is true that this aspect of the collection merely reflects the state of the field, where there is near

John Kleinig

with respect to those born in a country – a process whose strategic importance was persuasively argued by Albert Hirschman in Exit, Voice, and Loyalty (1970). In the end, despite some gestures in the last section, De Lara has much more to offer by way of understanding Plato than wisdom for the 21 st

Justin Kitchen

(New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2017), 424 pages. isbn : 9781472587770 (hbk.). Hardback/eBook: $176.00/$140.99. When commissioned to produce this book, Shyam Ranganathan was told to include “cutting edge” contemporary research into Indian ethics (p. vii). By including much of his own voice in

Kieran Setiya

to push the button. The same is true of concern for B, and C, and all the rest. There is no need to weigh conflicting interests. Beneficence speaks with a single voice. This marks a contrast with the original Footbridge case ( Hare 2016 : 466). Again, suppose you know the six involved, from A to F

Kimberly Kessler Ferzan

. I am not just a means to your end.” She could sing a few bars of Whitney Houston’s The Greatest Love of All , “No matter what they take from me, they can’t take away my dignity.” If she really wanted Eric to suffer, she might voice activate her iPhone to play Mel Gibson in Braveheart shouting