authoritativeness therefore concerns the author’s voice, which includes aspects of his/her social position, opinions and beliefs, as well as his/her alignment with the logico-rhetorical conventions of their discourse community. Legitimization in discourse involves conceptual as well as linguistic aspects which can
media genres. As for private individuals, this group obtains remarkable scores of SPU object usage in news programs (24 %), in which they often participate by invitation. Their discourse is generally oriented to explicitly argumentative interaction, having to voice their views and concerns about a
NPs. Observe examples (35) and (36) below:
In (35), the speaker (father) is asking his son to speak longer with him so that he can hear his son’s voice more. It is clear from the context that this koe ‘voice’ indicates the son’s (hearer’s) voice. In (36), tsuuchihyoo ‘grade report
cultures in which the rules of communication are primarily transmitted through the use of contextual elements (i.e., body language, a person’s status, and tone of voice) and are not explicitly stated. 6 The 6th edition of the EF English Proficiency Index ( EF EPI ) 2016 ranks 72 countries and territories
Pascal, Roy. 1977. The Dual Voice . Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Quine, Willard van Orman. 1960. Word and Object . Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Recanati, François. 2010. Truth-Conditional Pragmatics . Oxford: Clarendon Press
. In the current case, assuming climate change is dealt with by a number of different (locationally, politically, rhetorically, perhaps ideologically) individual expert voices in the vast and heterogeneous area of the world social space, an attempt to ascribe any stable and homogeneous discursive
tone of voice or non-verbal information. As the other variables proposed by Pérez Hernández (2013: 143), it can also be realized linguistically or by manipulating other variables of the request ICM . An important variable in the scenarios for directive SA s is the evaluation of the cost-benefit of
oil do you use? B [starting car engine]: Motor oil is motor oil. [Smoke belches out of B ’s exhaust.] Voice-over: Motor oil is definitely NOT motor oil (from a commercial for Quaker State Motor Oil). (example from Horn, 1989: 562) (2) A rose is a rose but a home is not a home. (from a poem of