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Author: Dario Fazzi

principally because of its practical consequences and also because it did not contradict the principle of international cooperation. 57 With regard to the latter, her opinions were deeply affected by two events that occurred in 1949, the triumph of the socialist revolution in China and the first successful

In: Profiles in Power
Author: Keith M. Finley

War. He had been in Washington when it was learned that China had fallen to the communists during the presidency of Harry Truman. From that point forward, Johnson became a prisoner of the “us vs. them” approach to foreign policy in which the world’s complexity was forced within Cold War strictures

In: Profiles in Power
Author: Jelte Olthof

presented himself as much as or more than what he said. The same can be said for Clinton’s lack of appeal for those same voters.” 10 Though lacking substance and detail, Trump’s policies were recognizable and clear (the border wall, Muslim-ban, tough on China). The Clinton campaign, by contrast, spewed out

In: Profiles in Power
Author: Summer Kim Lee

’s performances, Chambers-Letson writes that we have been given the grounds for “the communism of the incommensurable [that] flickers in and out of flesh” (196). The fifth chapter brings us to the end of a party in the 1980s in East Village started by Chinese artist Tseng Kwong Chi with his friend Keith Haring

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas
Author: Laura Kina

China and Japan until it was overthrown by Japan in 1879. Following World War ii and the decimation of the islands from the Battle of Okinawa, the United States occupied Okinawa from 1945 until it was re-annexed by Japan in 1972. Despite being less than one percent of the total landmass of Japan, it

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas

African American, Japanese American, Chinese American, and Jewish in the area. So I grew up with a lot of that. JM: I have done a bit of work on Samoan diasporic art (namely the work of Shigeyuki Kihara), and I understand one of the largest Samoan populations and probably a number of Pacific Island

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas
Author: Jave Yoshimoto

I was born in Japan to Chinese parents, my father from Hong Kong and my mother from Taiwan. While I have never met my father, my grandparents on my mother’s side had adopted the last name of Yoshimoto, when they were forced to become Japanese citizens during World War ii . Growing up, I was

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas

ywca , she recalled, “a girl who was playing with me asked what I was. I answered ‘Japanese’ and she would not believe me. She insisted that I tell her ‘Chinese,’ but how could I? Finally, she yelled ‘Get out jap !’” 44 The onset of war had a strong impact on her art: Tomoe believed she had

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas
Author: Yasuko Takezawa

East Asia, and extracted art treasures as part of the tribute to which it was entitled, its client states were quick to recognize the value of art as an instrument of diplomacy. First the Japanese, then the Chinese, Koreans, and other Asian peoples sent their art on exhibition to win the respect and

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas
Author: Ana Paulina Lee

contours of democracy versus authoritarianism, the limits of personal security, the fear of foreigners and each other, America’s love of guns, and its addiction to trauma. The one who is most suited to cure these national pathologies is a Chinese musical theater director who suggests that Chinese

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas

is work by Nebraska-based, Japan-born Chinese artist Jave Yoshimoto, who immigrated to the US when he was nine. In works such as his Humanitarian Crisis series, Yoshimoto focuses on the refugee crisis and ways in which the wars in Syria and Afghanistan continue to drive migrants through Turkey

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas
Author: Megumi Kitahara

. There were also ten or so black women, a few white Italians, three Chinese, and us four Japanese. The bizarre atmosphere at this workplace that brought together women of all different races and ethnicities, when one grew used to it, was actually rather fascinating.” 11 Individual ethnic

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas
Author: Yong Soon Min

(China) – selected for their historic, cultural, and geographic diversity and significance, and the opportunity to specifically look for the socio-political as well as the cultural and historical particularities embodied or imbricated in the selected artworks. Due to the scarcity of published research at

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas

persist—Jesuits in China, for example, did not seek to disrupt converts’ participation in rites honoring Confucius (552–479 BCE )—elicited criticism from other orders. But Jesuits in both Asia and New France worked among self-governing peoples possessed of cultural and spiritual riches and military and

In: Jesuits in the North American Colonies and the United States
Author: Daniela Spenser
Vicente Lombardo Toledano was the founder of numerous labour union organisations in Mexico and Latin America between the 1920s to the 1960s. He was not only an organiser but also a broker between the unions, the government, and business leaders, able to disentangle difficult conflicts. He cooperated closely with the governments of Mexico and other Latin American nations and worked with the representatives of the Soviet Union when he considered it useful. As a result he was alternately seen as a government stooge or a communist, even though he was never a member of the party or of the Mexican government administration.

Daniela Spenser's is the first biography of Lombardo Toledano based on his extensive private papers, on primary sources from European, Mexican and American archives, and on personal interviews. Her even-keeled portrayal of the man counters previous hagiographies and/or vilifications.
Author: Falu Bakrania

Area. In this newly defined geographic region, Asians comprise the largest ethnic minority group, with Indians and Chinese representing the greater majorities. 18 The most recent estimate of Indian American entrepreneurs in Silicon Valley shows that in late 2001, they held wealth worth $60 billion

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas

appropriates elements of Kanō school of painting in his work. The Kanō school was the dominant Japanese painting academy from the fifteenth century into the modern era. With work ranging in subject and style, the Kanō school aesthetic can generally be characterized as a Japanese adaptation of Chinese landscape

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas

Imaging and Imagining the Chinese Caribbean: Jeanette Kong, Maria Lau, and Laura Fong Prosper  183 Sean Metzger Artist Pages Rituals, Remembrance, Rupture, and Repair: The Jhandi Flag in Contemporary Guyanese Art  195 Grace Aneiza Ali Mist and Rain

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas
Author: Nalini Mohabir

labourers would not have known the distance to their various destinations (in some cases, places so small they are literally off the world map of imperial cartography). Although indentured labourers were also brought from other parts of the world (for example, China, Portugal, and Africa), Indians formed

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas
Author: Marsha Pearce

identities are expected to perform. 3 Speaking from her lived experiences in a Trinidadian context, Jaime Lee Loy shares: This guy in my class would make all these jokes (…) these cracks about how [Chinese people] are not Trinidadians, [that] they always stick to themselves (…) but he would say it

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas
Author: Bakirathi Mani

together enunciation and dissolution, causality and effect, organic and nonorganic forces.” 3 In sculptures such as Her captivity… (2011), the heads of “Frozen Charlotte” china dolls appear to grow out of dead tree vines installed within a birdcage, as huge gourds protrude heavily out of the ornate

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas
Author: Marja Roholl

The seven parts were: Prelude to War (1942); The Nazi Strike (1943); Divide and Conquer (1943); The Battle of Britain (1943); The Battle of Russia (1943); The Battle of China (1944) and War Comes to America (1945). Much has been written over the years on Capra’s Why We Figh t series

In: Politics and Cultures of Liberation
Author: Josef Raab

immigrants in America. Then I discovered that the immigrants were American history” ( Handlin 1951 , 3, my emphasis). That history combines a need for cheap labor—from enslaved Africans between the 17th and the 19th century to Chinese railroad workers in the 19th century, and Mexican field workers under

In: Politics and Cultures of Liberation
The Top Secret History of America’s Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Warfare Programs and Their Deployment Overseas
At its peak in 1967, the U.S. nuclear arsenal consisted of 31,255 nuclear weapons with an aggregate destructive power of 12,786 megatons – more than sufficient to wipe out all of humanity several hundred times over. Much less known is that hidden away in earth-covered bunkers spread throughout the U.S., Europe and Japan, over 40,000 tons of American chemical weapons were stored, as well as thousands of specially designed bombs that could be filled with even deadlier biological warfare agents.

The American WMD programs remain cloaked in secrecy, yet a substantial number of revealing documents have been quietly declassified since the late 1970s. Put together, they tell the story of how America secretly built up the world’s largest stockpile of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons. The documents explain the role these weapons played in a series of world crises, how they shaped U.S. and NATO defense and foreign policy during the Cold War, and what incidents and nearly averted disasters happened. Moreover, they shed a light on the dreadful human and ecological legacy left by decades of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons manufacturing and testing in the U.S. and overseas.

This collection contains more than 2,300 formerly classified U.S. government documents, most of them classified Top Secret or higher. Covering the period from the end of World War II to the present day, it provides unique access to previously unpublished reports, memoranda, cables, intelligence briefs, classified articles, PowerPoint presentations, military manuals and directives, and other declassified documents. Following years of archival research and careful selection, they were brought together from the U.S. National Archives, ten U.S. presidential libraries, the NATO Archives in Brussels, the National Archives of the UK, the National Archives of Canada, and the National Archives of the Netherlands. In addition, a sizeable number of documents in this collection were obtained from the U.S. government and the Pentagon using the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and Mandatory Declassification Review (MDR) requests.

This collection comes with several auxiliary aids, including a chronology and a historiographical essay with links to the documents themselves, providing context and allowing for easy navigation for both students and scholars.

• The papers in this collection detail how America’s stockpiles of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons were developed, the staggering costs that were involved, the network of laboratories where the bombs and their components were designed and developed, new details about the dozens of secret factories spread across the U.S. where these lethal bombs and warheads were built, the sites where they were tested, and even newly released information about some of the storage depots where the weapons were deployed in the U.S. and overseas.
• This collection contains for the first time ever a comprehensive set of declassified documents which quantify the size and destructive power of the American nuclear, chemical and biological weapons stockpile throughout the Cold War era, including new details about the many different types of weapons in these arsenals, such as nuclear landmines (Atomic Demolition Munitions) and even a nuclear-capable recoilless rifle system.
• This collection contains hundreds of pages of declassified Defense Department and State Department documents concerning the secret negotiations between the U.S. government and over fifteen foreign governments concerning the deployment of nuclear and chemical weapons to their countries (complete biological weapons were never deployed overseas), as well as the even more difficult task later in the Cold War of trying to get permission to remove these weapons after they had outlived their usefulness. In some instances, the U.S. government deliberately did not inform the host nations that they had deployed nuclear and chemical weapons to their countries, as in the case of Japan, which was shocked to learn in 1969 that the U.S. was storing large numbers of nuclear and chemical weapons on the island of Okinawa without their knowledge or consent.
• Also included are over a hundred declassified documents regarding U.S. nuclear war plans, detailing how the American nuclear, chemical and biological weapons were to be used in wartime, including lists of their targets inside the USSR and the People’s Republic of China; newly declassified documents containing the details of all known nuclear, chemical and biological weapons accidents, some of which produced fatal results; and incidents involving attempts by foreign governments (Greece, Turkey and South Korea) to pressure the U.S. government by threatening to seize American nuclear weapons stored on their soil. Finally, there are recently released files concerning an attempt by a terrorist group to penetrate a U.S. nuclear weapons storage site in West Germany.

Number of documents: 2,374
Number of pages: ca. 21,212

Auxiliary aids:
• Introductory essay
• Glossary of acronyms
• Chronology
• Bibliography
• MARC21 catalog records

Sourcing archives:
• U.S. National Archives, Legislative Archives Branch, Washington, D.C.
• U.S. National Archives. Military Records Branch, College Park, Maryland
• U.S. National Archives, Civilian Records Branch, College Park, Maryland
• North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Archives, Brussels, Belgium
• National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
• National Archives of the Netherlands, The Hague, The Netherlands
• National Archives of the UK, Kew, Great Britain
• Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland
• Harry S. Truman Library, Independence, Missouri
• Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, Abilene, Kansas
• John F. Kennedy Library, Boston, Massachusetts
• Lyndon B. Johnson Library, Austin, Texas
• Richard M. Nixon Presidential Library, Yorba Linda, California
• Gerald R. Ford Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan
• Jimmy Carter Presidential Library, Atlanta, Georgia
• Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, Simi Valley, California
• George H.W. Bush Presidential Library, Houston, Texas
• William J. Clinton Presidential Library, Little Rock, Arkansas
• Library of Congress Manuscript Division, Washington, D.C.
• DOD FOIA Reading Room, The Pentagon, Washington, D.C.
• U.S. Army Center for Military History, Washington, D.C.
• Naval Historical Center Operational Archives, Washington, D.C.
• U.S. Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, Alabama
• Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information, Washington, D.C.
• Douglas MacArthur Library, Norfolk, Virginia (Douglas MacArthur Papers)
• George C. Marshall Library, Lexington, Virginia (George C. Marshall Papers)
• Mudd Library, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (George W. Ball Papers)
• National Security Archive, Washington, D.C. (Chuck Hansen Collection)
• Maryland Historical Trust, Annapolis, Maryland

See also the companion collections Cold War Intelligence, U.S. Intelligence on Asia, 1945-1991, U.S. Intelligence on Europe, 1945-1995, and U.S. Intelligence on the Middle East, 1945-2009.
As the inaugural volume of the new Brill book series Gendering the Trans-Pacific World: Diaspora, Empire, and Race, this anthology presents an emergent interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary field that highlights the inextricable link between gender and the trans-Pacific world. The anthology features twenty-one chapters by new and established scholars and writers. They collectively examine the geographies of empire, the significance of intimacy and affect, the importance of beauty and the body, and the circulation of culture. This is an ideal volume to introduce advanced undergraduate and graduate students to Transpacific Studies and gender as a category of analysis.
Editor: Ulrich Muecke
The diary of Heinrich Witt (1799-1892) is the most extensive private diary written in Latin America known to us today. Witt was born in Altona near Hamburg and went to Peru in 1824 for the English merchant house Gibbs. In his diary written in English, he describes his childhood and youth in Altona, his first professional years in England and his daily life and long voyages in Peru and to Europe. The diary gives a unique version of commerce and trade, politics and politicians, and of lawsuits and corruption in nineteenth-century Peru and abroad. It abounds in details about family life, customs and culture, and is a truly unique source for everyone interested in the history of Peru and of international trade and migration.
Author: Sally K. Burt
At the President’s Pleasure offers a new perspective on the way the United States and China interacted during World War II. Sally K. Burt examines President Franklin Roosevelt’s methods of conducting diplomacy, particularly his tendency to centralise foreign policy-making into his own hands, as it applied to wartime Sino-US relations. By critiquing the president’s foreign policy leadership with China, Burt provides a new perspective on US diplomacy and opens the door for further exploration of contemporary methods of conducting relations between the US and China. This book, then, will interest scholars, historians, international relations specialists and practitioners and those interested in global politics, both historical and in the present day.