Search Results

Encyclopaedia Iranica

Volume XVI Fascicule 4

Edited by Elton L. Daniel

The Encyclopædia Iranica is dedicated to the study of Iranian civilization in the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Indian Subcontinent. It also includes scholarly articles related to the reciprocal influences between Persia and its neighbors, extending from pre-history to the present. The disciplines represented include: anthropology, archaeology, geography, art history, ethnology, sociology, economics, history of religion, philosophy, mysticism, history of science and medicine, Islamic history, botany, zoology, folklore, development of agriculture and industry, political science, international relations, and diplomatic history. Fascicule 4 of Volume XVI (pp. 337-448) starts with the article on the Kešaʾi Dialect and ends with the entry on the Khavaran-nama.

Garry Trompf

version of a Lecture delivered at the Celebrations of 35 Years of the “Encyclopaedia Iranica” project, delivered on 3 May 2008, at the University of Sydney, and on 7 June 2008, at the Arya International University, Yerevan, during the International Conference “Iran and the Caucasus: Unity and Diversity

Anna Krasnowolska

Abstract

The present paper is a hasty investigation of Sādeq Hedāyat’s concept of folklore as a source of knowledge about the Iranians’ pre-Islamic customs and beliefs, however corrupted with the devastating influence of the strangers. In the introduction to Hedāyat’s Nirangestān (1933), his approach to the popular culture of Iran, viewed as a collection of “prejudices”, is sharply dualistic. He idealizes its elements of allegedly “Aryan” origin and condemns those, which have been introduced by the non-Iranian, in particular Semitic, peoples. Hedāyat’s understanding of folklore evolved in the course of the years, that can be seen in his “General project for the study of the folklore of a region” (1945), but even in this work the ethnic and linguistic diversity as a valuable element of Persian culture seem to pass unnoticed.

Since the time when this short paper had been written, Ulrich Marzolph’s substantial entry on Sādeq Hedāyat as folklorist appeared in Encyclopaedia Iranica, bringing much first-hand, well documented information on the subject.

Thomas, David

Al-Īrānshahrī Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Nīshāpūr Date of Death: Late 9th c. Place of Death: Unknown, possibly Nīshāpūr Very little is known about this figure, even his full name (Encyclopaedia Iranica and Aminrazavi 1999 give it as Abū l-ʿAbbās Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Īrānshahrī but

EIr Encyclopaedia Iranica İA İslam Ansiklopedisi ijmes International Journal of Middle East Studies IrSt Iranian Studies ja Journal Asiatique jaos Journal of American Oriental Society jbs Journal of Balkan Studies

EIr Encyclopaedia Iranica İA İslam Ansiklopedisi IJMES International Journal of Middle East Studies IrSt Iranian Studies JA Journal Asiatique JAOS Journal of American Oriental Society JBS Journal of Balkan Studies

Encyclopaedia Islamica Volume 5

al-Bīrūnī - Daḥw al-Arḍ

Edited by Wilferd Madelung and Farhad Daftary

This volume of Encyclopaedia Islamica is the fifth of a projected 16-volume publication, consisting of an abridged and edited translation of the Persian Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif-i Buzurg-i Islāmī, one of the most comprehensive sources on Islam and the Muslim world. One unique feature of this work of reference lies in the attention it gives to Shiʿi Islam and its rich and diverse heritage, which makes it complementary to other encyclopaedias. In addition to providing entries on important themes, subjects and personages in Islam generally, it offers the western reader an opportunity to appreciate the various dimensions of Shiʿi Islam, the Persian contribution to Islamic civilisation, and the spiritual dimensions of the Islamic tradition.

Encyclopaedia Islamica Volume 6

Dāʿī Shīrāzī - Fāṭimids

Edited by Wilferd Madelung and Farhad Daftary

This volume of Encyclopaedia Islamica is the sixth of a projected 16-volume set, largely consisting of an abridged and edited translation of the Persian Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif-i Buzurg-i Islāmī, one of the most comprehensive sources on Islam and the Muslim world, to which a number of original articles, written specifically for the English edition, have been added. One of the unique features of this work of reference lies in the attention it gives to Shiʿi Islam and its rich and diverse heritage, which makes it complementary to other encyclopaedias. In addition to providing entries on important themes, subjects and personages in Islam generally, it offers the Western reader an opportunity to appreciate the various dimensions of Shiʿi Islam, the Persian contributions to Islamic civilisation, and the spiritual dimensions of the Islamic tradition.

This volume contains biographical articles on a number of major Muslim scholars such as the great philosopher and polymath, Abū Naṣr Muḥammad al-Fārābī, as well as the 9th/15th-century Persian philosopher, theologician and gnostic, Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. It also includes historical surveys of important concepts in Islam, such as idaʿwa, dīn, eschatology and ethics, of religious groups such as the Druze, and of cities such as Darband, Diyār Bakr and Damascus. In terms of the traditions of Sufism, there are articles on Dārā Shukūh, al-Dasūqī, Abū al-Ḥasan al-Daylamī and Dhū al-Nūn al-Miṣrī. Diverse aspects of Persian culture, such as musicology and music history, are presented in dastgāh, dāʾira and Darwīsh Khān, while Persian social and architectural history are discussed in articles such as dihqān and the Fahraj Congregational Mosque. The volume also includes entries of considerable importance for the study of Shiʿism, such as those on Fadak and the Fāṭimid dynasty, as well as a comprehensive article on Fāṭima, the wife of Imam ʿAlī and daughter of the Prophet Muḥammad, and as such revered by all Muslims, especially the Shiʿa Muslims.

Encyclopaedia Islamica Volume 3

Adab - al-Bāb al-Ḥādī ʿashar

Edited by Wilferd Madelung and Farhad Daftary

This volume of Encyclopaedia Islamica is the third of a projected 16-volume publication, consisting of an abridged and edited translation of the Persian Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif-i Buzurg-i Islāmī, one of the most comprehensive sources on Islam and the Muslim world. One unique feature of this work of reference lies in the attention it gives to Shiʿi Islam and its rich and diverse heritage, which makes it complementary to other encyclopaedias. In addition to providing entries on important themes, subjects and personages in Islam generally, it offers the western reader an opportunity to appreciate the various dimensions of Shiʿi Islam, the Persian contribution to Islamic civilisation, and the spiritual dimensions of the Islamic tradition.