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Converting the main cathedral in a conquered city was an old tradition whose roots, in the Ottoman case, date back to Osman. Early Ottoman chronicles often link such conversions to ġazā (holy war). There were converted cathedrals in Bursa and Edirne that are no longer extant. Hagia Sophia in Istanbul is

In: Muqarnas Online

, soldier of fortune.” 87 It denotes those who took part in a raid, incursion, expedition, or a gaza (“holy war”), all of them usually of limited scope and conducted with the aim of acquiring plunder. 88 “Corporations” of gazis are attested in Transoxiana and Khurasan during the Samanid period, in the

In: Warriors, Martyrs, and Dervishes