Endowment Studies (ENDS) is a peer-reviewed, English-language periodical dedicated to the study of foundations or endowments, fostering their examination from cross-cultural, diachronic and interdisciplinary perspectives. As a diachronic and omnipresent phenomenon, endowments touch on every conceivable aspect of a given society, such as the arts, economy, intellectual life, law, politics and religion. Specialists from these and other disciplines/ fields (Byzantine Studies, Indology, Islamic Studies and Medieval Studies) can thus participate in cross-disciplinary conversations via the leitmotif of endowments.
As the first journal dedicated to the study of foundations in a comparative context,
ENDS offers a venue for publication that is both transcultural and interdisciplinary, with a special focus on the Pre-Modern era, yet not restricted to any particular epoch. Contributions treating any aspect of endowments are welcome.
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[German version] In antiquity, endowments were private donations for specific and perpetual purposes, often repeated at set intervals: sacrifices, banquets, games ( ludi ), monetary payments to a specified group of people, or commemorative rites ( Dead, cult of the). They were based on single
For about five millennia endowments have been employed by humankind to sustainably satisfy the needs of their respective societies. The basic idea behind such practices has always been the same: The surplus of certain assets is designated for particular groups of persons, in
This study depicts the history of the waqf endowments in Algiers dedicated to the poor of Mecca and Medina over the last 170 years of Ottoman rule. It is one of the first studies of a major public foundation based on its own registers.
Its main themes are: the foundation's growth, its benefactors, the evolution of its patrimony, its administration, managerial policies and functions in the town.
The author discusses the history of the foundation within two contexts - that of the Islamic endowment institution and that of the history of Algiers - and offers new insights into the interaction between the law and socio-economic circumstances, the dialogue between the local community and its rulers and the role of the foundation as a major factor in the shaping of the Algerian public sphere.
activities, and how its first articulations in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries shaped the past, present, and future of Ottoman sultanic mosque projects. History of a Custom of Endowment The custom that requires victory over non-Muslims as a prerequisite for the construction of a sultanic
Memorial endowments are endowments or donations intended to commemorate the dead (Memory; Trust, charitable). A distinction is drawn between forms of individual religious and liturgical memoria (e.g. the endowment of masses, prayers, or churches) and forms of social commemoration (endowments to
1. An endowment or foundation produces income through certain property or assets, provided by the founder, with which a long-term purpose, stipulated by the founder, is to be financed. Unlike a donation, then, an endowment is not a simple act, but a continuously repeated gift, bestowed without a
charitable endowments. Whereas by bequeathing one’s property to relatives the testator performs a good deed a single time, by depositing capital for an endowment he will (potentially) practice charity forever.
The possibility of dedicating a defined amount of capital, whose revenues are used for