The study of the Roman law we know today, started in the twelfth century and was based on sources preserved from Roman Antiquity. The interpretation of these antique texts was, however, always contemporary and never reflected their original meaning. In this article we assess the importance of medieval and early modern interpretation and, by analyzing a series of thirteen classical notions of Roman law, illustrate how what we call “classical Roman law” nowadays found its origins especially in Early Modern Times. The article also brings an English summary of a series of articles we wrote in French and Dutch.
the dismissal of claims, but later it was discarded in favour of presumptions of fact that have led to compensation, such that legalcausality became disconnected from the scientific evaluation. Today, science is able to unequivocally assert that there is no causal association between vaccination
reveal an automatic correlation, let alone a legalcausality, between the prior existence of a coherent sense of ‘nationhood’ and the subsequent emergence of a sovereign state. As has been convincingly demonstrated, the rise of modern states, particularly in Western Europe, has often been a function of