Pavel Gregoric, Orly Lewis and Martin Kuhar

, bones and neura (Chapters 6–8). In Chapter 9 the author explains variations in different types of structures that make up animal bodies, and the central role is assigned to heat or fire. Although pneuma is not in the focus of the last four chapters, they add significantly to the picture of pneuma

Orly Lewis and Pavel Gregoric

as conduits of sensory information and motor impulses. These conceptual changes gave rise to debates such as those concerning the location and mechanism of pulsation, the precise content of artēriai as opposed to phlebes , the role and identification of neura and the functional differentiation


Orly Lewis

The distinction that Praxagoras of Cos (4th-3rd c. BC) made between arteries and veins and his views on pulsation and pneuma are two significant turning points in the history of ideas and medicine. In this book Orly Lewis presents the fragmentary evidence for this topic and offers a fresh analysis of Praxagoras’ views on the soul and the functions of the heart and pneuma. In so doing, she highlights the empirical basis of Praxagoras’ views and his engagement with earlier medical debates and with Aristotle’s physiology.
The study consists of an edition and translation of the relevant fragments (some absent from the standard 1958 edition) followed by a commentary and a synthetic analysis of Praxagoras’ views and their place in the history of medicine and ideas.
The book has been awarded the Young Historian Prize of the Académie Internationale d’Histoire de Sciences (2019).

Dong Ren, André Nel and Jakub Prokop

species S . analis (Carpenter, 1980)), but it seems to have a strong narrowing of area between MA and CuA, unlike Sinomega- neura (Carpenter 1980: fig. 1). Boltonites Handlirsch, 1919 (based on B. rad- stockensis (Bolton, 1914)) had apparently a fusion of CuA + CuP, as in Sinomeganeura (after Bolton 1914

Julia Trompeter

. Resp . 410d6-9). In diesem Zusammenhang ist Platons sprachliche Wendung von den „Sehnen“ ( neura ) der Seele interessant. Wenn bei einem Übermaß an musischer Erziehung der positive Effekt der mousikē ins Gegenteil umschlägt, droht die Gefahr, dass der thumos „herausgeschmolzen“ und „wie Sehnen


overrides other concerns such as a logical word order; see e.g. Nemin athaph agu line 143: ka _ mcan . a ka _ mkan . a keura neura pai _ m bhuyada _ md . i , the ka _ mcan . a ka _ mkan . a keura being bracelets for the arm ( bhuyada _ md . i ), and neura being anklets for the feet ( pai _ m ). It may be

Ole Karsholt and Niels P. Kristensen

upside down, and both 'Homo- neura' and 'Monotrysia' appear as valid taxon names. That table 4.1 states the range of heterobathmiids to be "Zuid-Afrika" instead of "Zuid-Amerika" is a lapsus of less importance in the context of this book. Chapter 5 deals, in 18 pages, with the interactions between man

Roy Danielsson

Ulmus carpinifolia and U. procera as primary hosts and Ribes alpinum as secondary host. I hesitated to give a description of the common species E. (Schizo- neura) ulmi (L.) as I suspected that more than one species was still involved under that name. This was based on the fact that two different types

Ole E. Heie

size as oligocenica from which it deviates in having a more acute angle between the cubitus- branches, an unbranched media, a smaller head, and a relatively more oblong abdomen. It is not improbable that it belongs in Tetra- neura Hartig within Pemphigidae, but then it is of course impossible that

Geir E.E. Söli

28 genera, all characterised primarily by a very short RI. Except for this, few synapomorphies are known for the group. When Edwards (1925) erected the subfamily Manotinae, he included both Manota and Allacto- neura 'in spite of great difference between them'. Their inclusion in a common subfamily