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This paper explores how a set of observations on the weight of lead were interpreted and assessed between the 1540s and the 1630s across three different interconnecting disciplines: medicine, mineralogy and chemistry. The epistemic import of these discussions will be demonstrated by showing: 1) the changing role and articulation of experience and quantification in the investigation of metals; and 2) the notions associated with weight in different disciplinary frameworks. In medicine and mineralogy, weight was not considered as a specific subject of inquiry in itself, but as a “sign” indicating other relevant properties of metals. In contrast, the chemistry tradition was increasingly concerned with the specific investigation of weight as a property of matter, as seen in the debates that took place in the “chemical revolution.” In addition, this study will reveal the versatility, polysemy, and parallel purposes of the recourse to experiential knowledge in different contexts, where the same “facts” operate within different disciplines.

In: Early Science and Medicine

turned into a "natural compound" constantly exposed to material transformation. Thanks to the nouvelle chimie the living body became a natural system, i.e. a unit governed by two physico- chemical laws: the principle of the conservation of heat (1783) and the principle of the conservation of mass (1789

In: Nuncius

as agents of particular properties  [10. 239–242] . On the basis of the law of conservation of mass that he formulated, Lavoisier's theory of combustion became the foundation for his binomial  nomenclature , and hence of the new “antiphlogistical” chemistry, based on the methodology of

in Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

striking and extraordinary [operations] of those presented to us by chemistry.” In reporting a perfect bal- ance sheet, he used the conversion of sugar to alcohol and carbonic acid gas to confirm anew the principle of the conservation of mass, and to offer the hypothesis that a portion of the sugar is

In: Fermentation: Vital or Chemical Process?
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to withstand criticism. The law of the conservation of mass, for instance, was firmly rooted in scientific thought at the beginning of this century, but that did not stop Landolt from doing his very utmost to disprove it. In the same way it is right that astronomers and physicists should

In: Evangelical Quarterly: An International Review of Bible and Theology

developing an understanding of organic compounds, but is a difficult concept for students to grasp at this stage. Students usually demonstrate a superficial acceptance of Conservation of Mass. It is a difficult concept for them to grasp so understanding their thinking beyond superficial responses

In: Understanding and Developing Science Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge

nutrient digestion and utilisation in farm animals Part 4 Conservation of mass principles can be applied to each compartment to generate differential equations which yield algebraic formulae for the following flows (described in Figure 1): F13 = s1F10 / (s3 – s1) F21 = F10 + F13 F24 = (s1 – s2)F21 / (s2

In: Modelling nutrient digestion and utilisation in farm animals
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the time of its formulation by Newton) the law of universal gravitation (at present in Einstein’s formulation within the general theory of relativity) and some universal (of an unrestricted range of application) laws of conservation, e.g. the law of the conservation of mass and energy (E = mc2

In: Multiformity of Science
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environment’, which ‘implies that resources can be costlessly exacted from nature, and that residuals generated in the economy can be costlessly disposed of in nature’.40 In other words, the Sraffa model ignores the ‘conservation of mass condition’ applicable to all physical processes.41 Perrings’s attempt to

In: Marxism and Ecological Economics
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(Derrida). At the base of all these critiques – the Marxist critique of capitalism, the Nietzschean critique of Christianity, the Freudian critique of civilization – lay an unstated idea of balance, not unlike the law of conservation (of mass or energy). It was supposed that one thing was developing at the

In: A Philosophy of the Possible