William Outhwaite, William Outhwaite and Larry Ray

failure to predict that catastrophe with the failure to predict the collapse of most of the communist regimes in and around 1989. 2 The British Queen’s question, “Why wasn’t one told?”, is also relevant to 1989. In both cases, however, the point is not (except for the speculators) to predict the precise

Carole Sigman

1989 when environmental organizations were brutally expelled from a central arena of political competition at a turning point of perestroika, i.e. from the first high-stake electoral battle of the period: the elections of the USSR people’s deputies. This ousting from “big politics” had a tremendous

Chinese Activism of a Different Kind

The Chinese Students' Campaign to Stay in Australia


Gao Jia

In Chinese Activism of a Different Kind, Jia Gao examines the social behavior and patterns of actions of 45,000 or so Chinese students as they fought to obtain the right to stay permanently in Australia after the June 4 'Tiananmen Square' incident of 1989.
In a time of relative Internet infancy their response to the shifting stances of the Australian government saw them build networks, make use of media and develop a range of strategies. In achieving success this diverse group of students became the largest intake of onshore asylum seekers in the history of Australian immigration. Through their testimonies Jia Gao provides a fascinating addition to our knowledge of Chinese activism and to the history of Chinese migration.


Edited by Dobrota Pucherova and Robert Gafrik

This collective monograph analyzes post-1989 Central and Eastern Europe through the paradigm of postcoloniality. Based on the assumption that both Western and Soviet imperialism emerged from European modernity, the book is a contribution to the development of a global postcolonial discourse based on a more extensive and nuanced geohistorical comparativism. It suggests that the inclusion of East-Central Europe in European identity might help resolve postcolonialism’s difficulties in coming to terms with both postcolonial and neo-colonial dimensions of contemporary Europe. Analyzing post-communist identity reconstructions under the impact of transformative political, economic and cultural experiences such as changes in perception of time and space (landscapes, cityscapes), migration and displacement, collective memory and trauma, objectifying gaze, cultural self-colonization, and language as a form of power, the book facilitates a mutually productive dialogue between postcolonialism and post-communism. Together the studies map the rich terrain of contemporary East-Central European creative writing and visual art, the latter highlighted through accompanying illustrations.

Various Authors & Editors

Soviet World, 1948-1989
A bibliography of articles from the Soviet and Western press

Approximately 300,000 references arranged in an author and subject card file, to approximately 300 serials (newspapers and periodicals) published from 1948 to December 1989 in the Soviet Union and the West, covering the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.


Edited by H.W. Pleket and R.S. Stroud

This volume covers the publication year 1989, with occasional additions from previous year which were missed in earlier volumes and from studies after 1989 but pertaining to material from 1989.


Edited by J.A. Emerton

This volume publishes twenty-three papers given by invitation at the thirteenth Congress of the International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament, which was held at Leuven from 27 August until 1 September 1989 under the Presidency of C. Brekelmans. The articles cover a range of subjects relevant to the Old Testament: the Pentateuch (E.W. Nicholson, W.H. Schmidt, E. Blum, J. Van Seters, A. de Pury), the historical books (C. Brekelmans, Helga Weippert, R.D. Nelson, W. Thiel, Sara Japhet, K.-F. Pohlmann), the prophets (C. Hardmeier, D.L. Petersen, W.A.M. Beuken, R.P. Carroll, P.-M. Bogaert), the Psalms (J. Trublet, N. Füglister), textual criticism (E. Tov), the Targums (L. Díez Merino), the development of Israelite religion (N.P. Lemche), the Babylonian New Year Festival and the Old Testament (K. van der Toorn), and the Apocryphon of Jannes and Jambres (A. Pietersma).

Various Authors & Editors

Tiananmen Archive (Chinese People's Movement, Spring 1989)

The collection of documentation relating to the 1989 People's Movement, kept at the International Institute of Social History (IISH) in Amsterdam, is one of the most comprehensive dossiers in its kind existing outside China. This collection includes 592 documents (including pamphlets, journals, wallposters), acquired before July 1990, and described individually in volume I of the collection inventory.

Jana Rozehnalová

Journal of Religion in Europe 1 (2008) 156–181 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI 10.1163/187489108X311450 www.brill.nl/jre Journal of Religion in Europe Czech Perspectives on Buddhism, 1860–1989 * Jana Rozehnalová Department for the Study of Religions, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University


Mario Niemann

Mario Niemann legt die erste kollektive Biographie und Analyse der regionalen Führungskader der SED vor, der Sekretäre der Bezirksleitungen. Diese fungierten als Bindeglied zwischen der zentralen Parteiführung in Berlin und den lokalen Kreisparteiorganisationen. Ihre Aufgabe bestand darin, auf ihrem Territorium die Beschlüsse des Zentralkomitees auszuführen und die Erfüllung der vorgegebenen Pläne zu gewährleisten. Die hauptamtlichen Sekretäre als maßgebliche Funktionäre und eigentliche Führung der Bezirksleitungen befanden sich dabei immer im Spannungsfeld zwischen direkten Vorgaben der Parteiführung, die eine Durchführung ihrer Beschlüsse verlangte, und der Erwartungshaltung der einheimischen Bevölkerung, die umgehende und dauerhafte Lösungen auftretender Probleme einforderte. Die Arbeit analysiert zum einen in gruppenbiographischer Hinsicht die Sekretäre der SED-Bezirksleitungen und damit die Kaderpolitik der Parteiführung auf der 'mittleren Ebene' der SED vom Zeitpunkt der Bildung der Bezirke in der DDR im August 1952 bis zum Zusammenbruch der SED-Herrschaft im Herbst 1989, zum anderen die konkreten Handlungsspielräume auf der regionalen Leitungsebene der SED im System des 'demokratischen Zentralismus'.