Mariet Djandar

of life in traditional Adyghe society. The author provides a detailed description of these rituals, paying special attention not only to the birth itself, but also to the rituals and ceremonies practiced during the entire period of pregnancy, the behaviour of the mother-to-be, and her social status

Seteney Shami

Circassians, Adyghes, Jordan, Displacement, Identity I NTRODUCTORY N OTE How do displacement, migration and resettlement affect notions of in- dividual and collective identity and self-representations of this identity to others? In this paper, I explore the implications of displacement for identity formation

Georgi Chochiev

- sia/USSR. K e y w o r d s North Caucasians, Circassians, Adyghes, Ossetes, Minorities in Turkey The history of the North Caucasian diaspora in Turkey is distinguished by several stages, generally coinciding with the most important periods of the political development of that country. The first records

Svetlana Lyagusheva

 Brill, Leiden, 2005 Iran and the Caucasus, 9.1 ISLAM AND THE TRADITIONAL MORAL CODE OF ADYGHES SVETLANA LYAGUSHEVA Adyghean Institute for Humanitarian Research, Maikop The Caucasus today is an intricate system of numerous strong cul- tures, each with its own identifiable hierarchy of ethno

Alexei Kassian

languages whose ancient speakers had or, according to Mayor et alii 2014 , might have had contacts with the Ancient Greeks in the mid-1st millennium bc : West Caucasian (Abkhaz, Adyghe, Ubykh), Georgian, Indo-Iranian (Ossetic and others). As has been said above, Colarusso proposes translations for 13

Gholami, Rahim, Hirtenstein, Stephen and Reza, Enayotallah

’, perhaps from the word ‘Kerkety’, which was the name of one of the Adygei (Adyghe) tribes indigenous to the north-western Caucasus (Akiner, 215–217). In the early Russian chronicles, they are referred to by the name ‘Kasogi’ (Kosagi) (Gumilev, 9). In Arabic sources, this name is given as Jarkas (Ibn al

Ruslan Seferbekov

personages and attributes also were met during Adyghe mar- riage ceremonies. The master of ceremonies among the Adyghes, called d eguako (or xatiyako ), carried a metre long stick of nut-tree ( de ye bé ), decorated with nuts and hazels and pieces of cloth. With the help of this 1 The sceptre (rod, or staff

Laris Andonian, Vahid Rashidvash, Levon Yepiskoposian and Shot Margarian

Caucasian, and Altaic language families (the list of ethnic groups is presented in the legends of the Figure be- low). The Turkmens (representing a Turkic-speaking group from Cen- tral Asia) and Adyghes (being Caucasians by origin) are considered here as possible source populations for Azaris genetic origin

-Andi-Dido Tsez hil Akusha qara Chiragh qara Dargi qara Lak-Dargwa Lak quIru Aghul xur Archi čaq Kryts xarxar Lezgi nahut; zar Rutul xar Tabasaran harar; xar Daghestanian Lezgic Tsakhur xara Chechen qöş Northeast (Nakh-Daghestanian) Nakh Ingush gerga qeŝ Abaza k’yrk’yrlaš Abkhaz k’yrk’yrra Adyghe nekhut Northwest

Oleg Cvetkov and Ruslan Khanakhu

to Islam. Meanwhile, the Muslim prescripts are fulfilled by 10%, while Qur’an has been read by 8% of the respondents. Judging by the queries, the ethnic aspect of the Adyghes’ identity is generally prevailing over their religious one, since only 6% of the respondents think that Islam is more