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Authors: Bos and Ferwerda

either Plato ‘the son of Ariston’ or a contemporary pupil of Plato and Aristotle. Keywords Aristotle, De spiritu , Plato, Timaeus , ancient psychology, pneumatology 1. Introduction Th e Aristotelian Corpus includes a work entitled Peri pneumatos , usually cited by its Latin title De spiritu . References

In: Mnemosyne
Author: Fabio Tutrone

In the 16th and 17th centuries, when Aristotelianism still was the leading current of natural philosophy and atomistic theories began to arise, Lucretius’ De Rerum Natura stood out as an attractive and dangerous model. The present paper reassesses several relevant aspects of Lucretius’ materialistic psychology by focusing on the problem of the soul’s repartition through the limbs discussed in Book 3. A very successful Lucretian image serves as fil rouge throughout this survey: the description of a snake chopped up, with its pieces moving on the ground (Lucretius DRN 1969, 3.657–669). The paper’s first section sets the poet’s theory against the background of ancient psychology, pointing out its often neglected assimilation of Aristotelian elements. The second section highlights the influence of De Rerum Natura and its physiology of the soul on Bernardino Telesio, Agostino Doni and Francis Bacon, since all of these authors engage in an original recombination of mechanical and teleological explanations.

In: Gesnerus

[German version] (φυσιογνωμονία/physiognōmonía, Lat. physiognomia). Within ancient psychology, physiognomy represented a set of techniques, assessing a person's personality and character through the observation of physical characteristics and behaviour (Ps.-Aristot. Physiognom. 6-7). Extant sources

In: Brill's New Pauly Online
Author: Massimo Raffa
Among the many subjects on which Theophrastus wrote, music is one of the most fascinating, as is testified by the sources discussed in this volume. Although scanty, the material we have—sixteen texts altogether, most of which are indirect testimonies—gives an idea of the originality and modernity of Theophrastus’ thought on music, and makes us regret that we do not know more. Our philosopher conceives of music as something that originates from a movement in the soul caused by passions and comes into existence through the body. Accordingly, he is interested in performance—i.e. the way in which musical expression is brought to the listener—and its effects on the soul and the body—e.g. musical therapy.
The belief in the immortality of the soul has been described as one of the “twin pillars of Platonism” and is famously defended by Socrates in Plato’s Phaedo. The ancient commentaries on the dialogue by Olympiodorus and Damascius offer a unique perspective on the reception of this belief in the Platonic tradition. Through a detailed discussion of topics such as suicide, the life of the philosopher and arguments for immortality, this study demonstrates the commentators’ serious engagement with problems in Plato’s text as well as the dialogue's importance to Neoplatonic ethics. The book will be of interest to students of Plato and the Platonic tradition, and to those working on ancient ethics and psychology.
Author: von Gemünden

of Simeon’s emotional state: His father sees that he is ‘sad’ (σκυθρωπόν). The ancient psychology of emotions offers a differentiated description of the externally observable changes caused by the emotions. 16 Simeon then explains his wretched state by telling his father: ‘I am distressed in my

In: Biblical Interpretation
Author: T. M. Lemos

was all around, in which surviving childhood was atypical and dying in childbirth was not. While it is difficult to know how ancient psychologies would have responded to such realities, whether they would have become habituated to them or what particular mechanisms they would have developed for coping

In: Biblical Interpretation
Author: A. K. M. Adam

morbidly guilt-ridden apostle, modern exegetes conventionally turn to ancient psychology to illuminate Romans 7. Troels Engberg-Pedersen has produced a sterling example of applying the Aristotelian problem (picked up and articulated in Stoic philosophy) of ἀκρασία to illuminate Paul’s explanation of the

In: Biblical Exegesis without Authorial Intention?
Author: Sean Coughlin

adopted themes from ancient psychology. In his remarks that follow the interpretation of περίπατος, Galen places this passage within a debate about the extent to which medicine is responsible for discussing matters to do with the soul. Not only was the interpretation of this passage contentious, but Galen

In: Mental Illness in Ancient Medicine
Author: Paul Linjamaa

and impressions are associated with the left side of the Logos’ creation (82:19, 95:7), what is later called the material part of creation (98:12–20), and matter does not exist in the Pleroma. As I discussed in the previous chapter, the passions were associated with materiality in ancient psychology

In: The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5)