Access to safe abortion is both a fundamental human right and is central to women’s health. Where abortion is illegal or inaccessible, the search for abortion humiliates women and undermines their self-respect and dignity. 1
Today, as throughout history, women in every region
In this article I argue that repealing abortion laws would help to establish a philosophical foundation for reproductive choice. Legal silence on abortion would signal that what is not prohibited is permitted. Although Australian abortion law and practice has an Alice in Wonderland quality which may have been productive in an evolutionary sense, the pitfalls of this approach to reproductive autonomy are becoming obvious. It is time to dismantle the legal scaffolding and contextualise the questions most relevant to women who are faced with an unplanned and unwanted pregnancy. Women need help not hindrance when making reproductive decisions.
This paper provides an explanation for the treatment of women within the Catholic Church based on two different concepts of dignity. One linked to equality and autonomy that applies to men, and another linked to sacrifice and martyrdom that applies to women. By exploring the history and current developments on abortion laws in Chile, the paper shows how this gendered idea of dignity translated into the secular regulation of abortion. It also shows a shift in the last few years in which a secular concept of dignity linked to equality and autonomy is gaining track and abortion is finally discussed with women’s lives at the center.
This essay explores how gender studies in academe, including in religious studies, might remain relevant to ongoing feminist political engagement. I explore some specific dynamics of this challenge, using as my test case the issue of abortion in the US. After discussing how three formative feminist principles (women’s experience as feminism’s starting point, the personal is political, and identity politics) have shaped approaches to the abortion issue for feminist scholars in religion, I argue that ongoing critique, new theoretical perspectives, and attentiveness to subaltern voices are necessary for these foundational feminist principles to keep pace with fast-changing and complex societal dynamics relevant to women’s struggles for reproductive health and justice. The essay concludes by proposing natality as a helpful concept for future feminist theological and ethical thinking on the subject.
[German Version] I. The Unborn and Personhood – II. Bodily Rights – III. Legal Arguments The procured or spontaneous premature termination of pregnancy Unlike spontaneous abortion (or miscarriage), procured abortion is intended to terminate a pregnancy. Its moral and legal permissibility depends on
In the midst of a broadly permissive Roman Empire (Rome), the early Christians consistently condemned abortion in no uncertain terms. Rooted in the theological values of Judaism, which saw the fetus as an object of God’s care, ancient church writers viewed abortion as homicide and proscribed it
Abortion (Ar. usually ijhāḍ, saqṭ, or isqāṭ al-ḥaml) is frowned on by Islamic law, although many jurists accept that it may be permitted in certain cases. The different schools of law agree that abortion is permitted if continuing the pregnancy would put the mother’s life in real danger, but they