For a long time, Africa has 'lagged' behind global advances in transparency, but there are now significant developments on the continent. In a ground-breaking book, Access to Information in Africa brings together for the first time a collection of African academics and practitioners to contribute to the fast-growing body of scholarship that is now accumulating internationally. This is therefore an African account of progress made and setbacks suffered, but also an account of challenges and obstacles that confront both policy-makers and practitioners. These challenges must be overcome if greater public access to information is to make a distinctive, positive contribution to the continent’s democratic and socio-economic future. This book offers a necessarily multi-dimensional perspective on the state of ATI in African jurisdictions and the emerging, new praxis - a praxis that will entail a genuine domestication of the right of access to information on the continent.
Author: Anne Egan

Following the breakdown of a marriage or relationship, the right of a child to visit the non-custodial parent is governed in Ireland by the Guardianship of Infants Act, 1964. This statute permits the court to make an order for access so that the noncustodial parent (usually the father) is given permission to visit the child on specific dates and times. In some instances, the custodial parent may attempt to frustrate access, either by not facilitating the visit by making the child unavailable at the agreed times, or by making false or malicious allegations against the other parent in an attempt to deny access to the child. This chapter explores the problem of frustration of access. It discusses the results of an interview based study undertaken by the author using qualitative research principles whereby the interviewees, being legal practitioners; separated, divorced and unmarried fathers and mothers were asked their opinion on this issue. It in particular, focuses on the impact of frustration of access on the non-custodial parent. This chapter concludes by examining the sanctions available where frustration of access occurs, and, in particular, will consider the feasibility of enforcement remedies available in both New Zealand and Australia. Both jurisdictions encourage a more sociological approach to sanctions as they promote the provision of counseling and compensatory time to the non custodial parent, instead of a more legalistic approach adopted in Ireland which is to re-enter the order before the Court.

In: Love on Trial: Adjusting and Assigning Relationships

Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights 12 (“African Commission”, “Commission” or “ achpr ”), and the judicial mechanism of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights 13 (“African Court” “Court” or “ACtHPR”). However, for several reasons, access to these mechanisms eludes most African individuals and

In: African Journal of Legal Studies

Public–private partnerships (PPPs) in education are presented as capable of resolving several issues of education provision, financing, management, access and quality. This paper aimed at analyzing the impact of PPPs on access to and quality of higher education in Tanzania. Secondary research was used to gather data and critical review of the data and its analysis made. The focus of the paper was on higher education financing and on private higher education institutions. The findings indicated that PPPs have had a positive impact on increasing access to Tanzania higher education. However, although private universities and university colleges are many in number, enrolment has continued to be higher in public universities. It was further noted that an increase in higher learning institutions and subsequent increase in access to higher education has not meant an improvement in the quality of education provided by the institutions. As such, PPPs have had no significant impact on the improvement of quality of education. This is mainly accounted for by the number and qualifications held by academic members of staff in private universities, the infrastructure as well as the programmes they offer.

In: Bandung