prioritize leadership from the imperial center, and the figures of both Ezra and Nehemiah emerge from the center of empire, commissioned by the Persian king, and bring leadership to a community that is portrayed as dangerously close to collapse. Like the Persian hegemony of the Achaemenid inscriptions, the
Persian Hegemony, Hybridity, and Community Identity in Ezra-Nehemiah
Wiesehöfer, Josef (Kiel)
assume that they were the inhabitants of the regions on both sides of the strait of Hormūz, corresponding to the Maciyā, i.e. the inhabitants of Maka, known from Achaemenid inscriptions and reliefs as...
Kessler, Karlheinz (Emskirchen)
often used in a wider sense. The Medes may have already taken over A. as the name of the conquered non-Babylonian regions of the former Assyrian empire. The Achaemenid inscriptions use Old Persian Aθurā...
, Arwand in the Arab authors and graecised as Orontes by classical writers (Achaemenid inscription, Semiramis legend), still called Erwend or Närwend in the district, a lofty granite mountain mass, about 17,560 feet high, a spur of the Zagros system, S. W. of Hamad̲h̲ān, which owes the fertility of
(arabiciscd from the Old Persian Pārça [Achaemenid inscriptions]), the ancient Persis or Persia in the narrowest sense, the ancestral home of the Persians, a province of Persia in the S. E. of the modern Īrān with its capital S̲h̲īrāz, bounded in the N. by ʿIrāḳ ʿAd̲j̲amī, in the S. by the Persian
Vladimir D. Kuznetsov and Alexander B. Nikitin
of the name Darius and the beginning of the title Dârayavauš : xšâyathiya (“Darius the King”). This particular combination of signs is very common in the royal Achaemenid inscriptions. It is also possible that the name and the title are written here in the genitive case: Dârayavahauš
the term Achaemenid as the designation of the subsequent kings in his line (DB §§1-2). Secondly, Darius I was the first Persian ruler to use Old Persian as a language in royal inscriptions. Thus he set a pattern for subsequent Achaemenid monumental inscriptions. The royal Achaemenid inscriptions
royal Achaemenid inscriptions, written in Babylonian cuneiform, where the name “Urartu” continued to be employed well into the 4th century B.C. (Stronach, “The Campaign of Cyrus the Great in 547 B.C. ,” 167, n. 5.). 7 Radner, “An Assyrian View on the Medes,” 62. 8 Piotrovskiĭ, Karmir Blur III , 113
Artaxerxes I are substantially shorter than these, but considering the formulaic and conservative nature of the Achaemenid inscriptions in general, it is likely that the inscriptions of Darius and Xerxes can act as a fair model for those of Artaxerxes. In these, then, we see that the Achaemenid kings were
Dvora E. Weisberg
:1986), p. 129-131, 137, 144, and 146. 3o See, for example, William W. Malandra's An Introduction to Ancient Iranian Religion: Readings from the Avesta and the Achaemenid Inscriptions (Minneapolis: 1983), p. 101 and 126. George William Carter, Zoroastrianism and Judaism (Boston: 1918), p. 85. Jewish