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Antonio Giustozzi

. However, little attention is paid in practice towards the implications of a weak/absent monopoly on violence for foreign policy making. This article aims to fill this gap by exploring the topic in the context of post-2001 Afghanistan. That the Afghan state was unable to reclaim the monopoly on

Akram Umarov

As a neighbor of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the People’s Republic of China ( prc ) keeps intra-Afghan processes under continuous scrutiny as they might seriously threaten Chinese interests. Since the 1950s, Beijing’s activity toward Afghanistan has been characterized either as intense

Conor Foley

I Introduction It has become almost a cliché to blame the international community’s initial failure to embrace nation-building immediately after the fall of the Taliban in Afghanistan, in 2001/2, on the loss of the ‘good war’ a decade later. 1 According to this argument, the essentially

Elizabeth Wishnick

Introduction Although China is Afghanistan’s neighbor, strategic partner, and one of its largest foreign investors, China has kept a low profile overall on Afghanistan compared to other states in the region. There has been no “Beijing conference” on Afghanistan, though China will host the 2014

Amin Tarzi

Introduction A constitution is adopted to regulate the relationship between political authorities and the people in a society. Traditionally, this relationship was very loose in Afghanistan. In the mid-eighteenth century, the political entity that later evolved into the state of Afghanistan

Democratic Republic of Afghanistan

in English purporting to show the legitimacy of the Soviet military mission.keywordsforeign policy; Afghanistan; Foreign affairs...

Uwe Halbach

The governments of the five Central Asian states look at the withdrawal of international troops from Afghanistan with mixed feelings. While they agree that Afghanistan’s problems cannot be solved by military means, they also look with unease at a withdrawal that will leave Afghanistan without

Elham Bakhtary

Introduction In recent years, studies of Afghan historiography have surged. Scholars have conducted macroanalyses on a substantial number of works, outlining some of their common characteristics and differences. These comparisons have given special attention to stylistics (McChesney, 2012; Nawid

Marlene Laruelle

Introduction The interaction between Central Asia and Afghanistan is conventionally discussed either from the perspective of spillovers—and nearly always in one direction only, with the spillovers emanating from Afghanistan and spreading to its Central Asian neighbors, and almost never the

John Mock

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/187471611X600350 Journal of Persianate Studies 4 (2011) 117-145 Shrine Traditions of Wakhan Afghanistan John Mock 1 University of California, Santa Cruz (retired) Abstract This study, based on field work from 2004 to 2010, describes