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Eduardo Soto, Marcela Vidal and Alberto Veloso

Amphibia-Reptilia 30 (2009): 151-171 Biogeography of Chilean herpetofauna: distributional patterns of species richness and endemism Marcela A. Vidal 1,2 , ∗ , Eduardo R. Soto 2 , Alberto Veloso 2 Abstract. We analyze the geographic distribution pattern of Chilean amphibian and reptile species

Michael Robinson, Nicholas Arnold and Salvador Carranza

Amphibia-Reptilia 30 (2009): 273-282 A preliminary analysis of phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of the dangerously venomous Carpet Vipers, Echis (Squamata, Serpentes, Viperidae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences E. Nicholas Arnold 1 , Michael D. Robinson 2 , Salvador Carranza 3

Ann Burnell and S. Patricia Stock

overview of studies to date on EPN biodiversity, biogeography and phylogeny. The impetus for research in EPN and their symbionts has come about because of their biological control potential, with much of the focus in EPN research having been on applied aspects relating to pest control. However EPN and

N. Møller Andersen and John Polhemus

. Two subfamilies are recognized: Madeoveliinae (with two genera) and Mesoveliinae (seven genera). The biogeography of the Mesoveliidae is finally discussed. KEY WORDS: Cryptovelia, Darwinivelia, Mniovelia, Cavaticovelia, Hemiptera, Gerro- morpha, Mesoveliidae, phylogeny, ecological evolution

Aldo Zullini and Michela Barbuto

almost all samples. By comparing our moss communities with those of other European communities reported in the literature, we detected significant differences between continental and Mediterranean communities. Keywords – biodiversity, biogeography, Euro-Mediterranean communities, trophic groups. The aim

David Smith, Lars Vilhelmsen and Stephan Blank

-eremial distribution type and are the result of a comparatively recent speciation process. Keywords New species, western Nearctic, biogeography Introduction Ophrynon Middlekauff , 1983 is a small but distinct taxon among the Orussidae, a fam- ily of parasitic wasps. Th e only species known previously was O. levigatus

Salvador Carranza and Oscar Arribas

has major implications for its conservation. Keywords : biogeography, conservation, dispersal, mitochondrial DNA, postglacial colonization. The Pyrenean frog Rana pyrenaica Serra- Cobo, 1993, is the smallest European member of the so called “brown frogs” (Genus Rana , subgenus Rana , constituting the

Petra Sierwald, Henrik Enghoff, Richard Hoffman, J. Wolfgang Wägele and Thomas Wesener

from the Malagasy spiny forest and azonal Western deciduous forest ecosystem. A key to Aphistogoniulus species is provided. Key words Aphistogoniulus , Madagascar, microendemism, intraspecifi c variation, biogeography Introduction Th e large fi re millipedes, genus Aphistogoniulus , are one of the most

Nevin Keskin, W. Kelley Thomas, Robin Giblin-Davis, Weimin Ye, Natsumi Kanzaki, Hatice Mergen, Selçuk Hazir and Baris Gulcu

edible fig have allowed for mixing of any previously allopatric lineages. Keywords – biogeography, Blastophaga psenes , D2/D3 LSU rDNA, mtCOI DNA, phylogeny. Ficus (Moraceae) is a diverse plant genus with more than 700 species worldwide (Berg, 1989). Two genera of nematodes, Schistonchus Cobb, 1927 and

Ulf Scheller

incertae sedis, nomina dubia and nomina nuda has been pre- pared. For each genus the distribution and the number of known species is given. Th e Pauropoda has now two orders, 9 families, 40 genera and about 780 species. Key words Myriapoda, Pauropoda, systematics, taxonomy, biogeography Introduction Th e