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Christian Theology and Late-Antique Philosophy in the Fourth Century Trinitarian Controversy
Basil of Caesarea’s debate with Eunomius of Cyzicus in the early 360s marks a turning point in the fourth-century Trinitarian controversies. It shifted focus to methodological and epistemological disputes underlying theological differences. This monograph explores one of these fundamental points of contention: the proper theory of names. It offers a revisionist interpretation of Eunomius’s theory as a corrective to previous approaches, contesting the widespread assumption that it is indebted to Platonist sources and showing that it was developed by drawing upon proximate Christian sources. While Eunomius held that names uniquely predicated of God communicated the divine essence, in response Basil developed a “notionalist” theory wherein all names signify primarily notions and secondarily properties, not essence.

It is said that philosophy is the handmaiden of theology. This is certainly true for Basil of Caesarea. 1 But Basil could also use philosophy as a weapon against his opponent. This is what he does in Contra Eunomium 1.21, where he expounds his view of the nature of time in reaction to that

In: Vigiliae Christianae

Introduction: Ep. 361 and the Homoiousians Ep. 361, a letter presumably sent by Basil of Caesarea to Apollinarius of Laodicea, still remains one of the most enigmatic documents of the Basilian corpus. It is preserved in only two manuscripts of Basil’s correspondence, Parisinus gr. 1020 and

In: Vigiliae Christianae

Basil of Caesarea is recognized as one of the first church fathers to explicitly deploy the so-called argumentum patristicum , that is, the appeal to the authority of a previous church father to support a current theological position. 1 He did so near the end of his De Spiritu sancto , quoting

In: Vigiliae Christianae
Author: Anna M. Silvas
Basil of Caesarea (c. 328-378) was the great father of Christian monasticism in eastern Anatolia, whose influence spread into all the Greek, Latin and Syriac speaking churches. Basil’s counsels for ascetics in community are collected in his Asketikon. The earliest version, the Small Asketikon, did not survive in the Greek, but only in a Latin translation ( The Rule of Basil), and in a Syriac translation ( The Questions of the Brothers). Silvas presents the first ever edition of the entire Syriac translation, drawn from five manuscripts, the oldest from the late 5th century. The introductory study shows how the Syriac translator was himself a warm-hearted spiritual father who made his own authorial contributions to the Questions of the Brothers.
The Text of Matthew in the Writings of Basil of Caesarea explores from a text-critical point of view the text of the First Gospel used by Basil, a prolific and influential fourth-century Christian writer who abundantly quoted the Bible. The book lists all quotations and significant allusions made to the First Gospel and compares these to twenty-one ancient Greek and Latin manuscripts to determine and assess the textual affinities of Basil's text of Matthew. The book discusses the development of the Byzantine text type and argues that Basil's text of Matthew represents its earliest known witness.

Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (
Author: Alin Suciu

1 Introduction It has often been noted that Basil of Caesarea did not find the eremitic life of Egyptian ascetics suitable, proposing instead a communal monastic model based on love, which joins together the Christians and helps them to share with each other the benefits of their spiritual gifts

In: Vigiliae Christianae

. 63). 2 The manuscript, written on paper (“bombycinus”), is dated from the 13th or 14th cent. 3 Its 270 folio pages also contain other homilies by Basil of Caesarea or attributed to him. There is no evidence within the manuscript of where it was copied; also unknown is its location prior to it

In: Vigiliae Christianae
Author: Fedwick
Author: Pak-Wah Lai

quite clear how he is indebted to Athanasius and the Cappadocian fathers, or for that matter, which one of them. 4 In this essay, I shall examine this question of ‘indebtedness’ more narrowly by focusing on Chrysostom’s relationship with one of these luminaries: Basil of Caesarea (329-379). Among the

In: Scrinium