A visual audience effect in a cavefish Martin Plath 1,4) , Dennis Blum 2) , Ralph Tiedemann 2) & Ingo Schlupp 3) ( 1 Unit of Animal Ecology, Department of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Maulbeerallee 1, 14469 Potsdam, Germany; 2 Unit of Evolutionary Biology and Systematic

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similar eyeless phenotypes in the blind cavefish, Astyanax mexicanus. Mol. Biol. Evol. 19: 446-55. Erickson, C.A. 1993. From the crest to the periphery: control of pigment cell migration and lineage segregation. Pigm. Cell Res. 6: 336-347. Espinasa, L., Rivas-Manzano, P., Perez, H.A. 2001. A

In: Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution
Author: Martin Plath

condi- tions. Keywords : cavefish, coercive mating, hydrogen sulfide, mating tactics, sexual conflict. 4) Author’s e-mail address: mplath@rz.uni-potsdam.de © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 Behaviour 145, 73-98 Also available online - www.brill.nl/beh 74 Plath Introduction Differential interests

In: Behaviour
Author: Eviatar Nevo

. Jeffery, W.R. 2006. Regressive evolution of pigmentation in the cavefish Astyanax. Isr. J. Ecol. Evol. 52: 407-424, this issue. Karlin, S., Nevo, E. 1976. Population genetics and ecology. Academic Press, New York, 832 pp. Karlin, S., Nevo, E. 1986. Evolutionary processes and theory. 1986

In: Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution

cupulae of their superficial neuro- masts ( A. fasciatus : Teyke, 1990). Cave-dwelling Mexican tetras, Astyanax fasciatus (Characidae) are the most frequently used model organisms in studies on cave-fish biology (e.g., Romero, 1985; Wilkens, 1988; Behrens et al., 1997; Yamamoto & Jef- fery, 2000; Jeffery

In: Behaviour

communities of a Mexican cave and surrounding waters. Extremophiles, 10 : 577-585. T OBLER , M., I. S CHLUPP & M. P LATH , 2007. Predation of a cavefish ( Poecilia mexicana , Poeciliidae) by a giant water bug ( Belostoma , Belostomatidae) in a Mexican sulfur cave. Ecological Entomology, 32 : 492-495. T OBLER

In: Crustaceana

behaviour in unfamiliar environments for blind cavefish (Astyanax hubbsi) and guppies (Poecilia reticulata) can be characterized by high swimming speeds and also proximity to edges (Teyke, 1985; Mikheev & Andreev, 1993). While exploration is essential for locating food, refuges and suitable habitats in the

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threespine stickleback populations. — PNAS 101, p. 6050-6055. Dowling, T.E., Martasian, D.P. & Jeffery, W.R. (2002). Evidence for multiple genetic forms with similar eyeless phenotypes in the blind cavefish, Astyanax mexicanus . — Mol. Biol. Evol. 19, p. 446-455. Francis, R.C., Havens, A.C. & Bell, M

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( Poecilia mexicana ) males. — Anim. Behav. 75: 21-29. Plath, M., Blum, D., Tiedemann, R. & Schlupp, I. (2008b). A visual audience effect in a cavefish. — Behaviour 145: 931-947. Plath, M., Kromuszczynski, K. & Tiedemann, R. (2009). Audience effect alters male but not female mating preferences. — Behav. Ecol

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Author: Pedro Aragón

. 59: 419-426. Oliveira, R.F., Lopes, M., Carneiro, L.A. & Canário, A.V.M. (2001). Watching fights raises fish hormone levels. — Nature 409: 475. Plath, M., Blum, D., Tiedemann, R. & Schlupp, I. (2008). A visual audience effect in a cavefish. — Behaviour 145: 931-947. Quinn, G.P. & Keough, M.J. (2002

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