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International Journal of Children’s Rights 17 (2009) 433–444 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI 10.1163/157181809X439437 Child Maltreatment in United States: An Examination of Child Reports and Substantiation Rates * John E. Kesner , Gary E. Bingham and Kyong-Ah Kwon Georgia

In: The International Journal of Children's Rights

implementing and monitoring the effectiveness of the intervention on a population basis. ( Violence Prevention Alliance, 2011 ) For child maltreatment, a public health approach means focusing on reducing the risk factors that give rise to maltreatment, rather than on maltreat­ment once it has occurred. A

In: The International Journal of Children's Rights
Author: Joseph Martino

province, a recent study found that 34 per cent of all child maltreatment investigations conducted by child welfare authorities in Ontario in 2013 were ‘substantiated’, an estimated 43,067 investigations ( Fallon et al. , 2015 ). The same study, conducted for the years 2003 and 2008, found rates of 44 per

In: The International Journal of Children's Rights

This chapter explores and discusses the impact of culture in the punishment of children considered as ‘child witch’ or ‘demon possessed,’ particularly within the families of African heritage that reside in the UK. Culture in this chapter is seen as a way of thinking, feeling and believing that is transmitted through generations, within a group. It can also be thought of as a mechanism for the normative regulation of behaviour, therefore becoming a relevant factor in child maltreatment. In recent times, there have been publicised accounts of child maltreatment in the UK associated with accusations of witchcraft. Witchcraft is essentially considered as an evil mystical power, seen as a causal and moral explanation for unmerited suffering and misfortune. Such accusations have attracted punishments that might include but are not limited to severe beatings, starvation, burning, isolation, neglect, abandonment and even loss of life. One area where this gets played out is in childcare proceedings where courts have to determine whether maltreatment has occurred. Utilising a case studies approach that takes into account families of African heritage within the UK, this chapter will try to examine and possibly answer the relationship between witchcraft and punishment. The chapter concludes that African families still appear rooted in their cultural beliefs and practices as regards witchcraft in children. This has in many instances lead to severe punishment of the children. What is however also evident is the presence of risk factors generally associated with child maltreatment. This suggests that the understanding of witchcraft as a cultural belief provides partial explanatory power.

In: Reframing Punishment: Reflections of Culture, Literature and Morals

Polonko K.A. , “ Interdisciplinary contributions to the prevention of child maltreatment ”, The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences 4 ( 12 ) ( 2010 ): 89 – 112 . Morlachetti Alejandro ., “ 20 Years After The Convention on the Rights of the Child: Its inclusion in Latin

In: The International Journal of Children's Rights
In: Equality and Ethnic Identities
Studies of Self-Concept, Child Abuse and Education in a Changing English Culture
This book combines history, sociology, psychology and educational policy in research on a 40-year, crucial phase of development of ethnic identity, ethnic relations and educational and social policies for children in England, from pre-school to secondary school. The authors show how nursery children of different ethnicities interact in beginning their identity journeys in a culture of both inequality, and evolving ethnic relationships and patterns of harmony, in Britain’s developing multicultural society. In looking at self-concept development in secondary school children through the lens of various kinds of child maltreatment, Alice Sawyerr and Christopher Bagley argue that ethnic minority children are psychological survivors, and African-Caribbean girls especially are making strong identity steps—it is the “poor whites” who will make up the precariat, the reserve army of labour, who are left behind in structures of inequality.
Author: Julian Burton

(October 2001): 3–13. 13 Pat Cawson, et al., Child Maltreatment in the United Kingdom: A Study of the Prevalence of Abuse and Neglect (London: National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, 2000). 14 Bob Lonne and Nigel Parton, ‘Portrayals of Child Abuse Scandals in the Media in Australia

In: Matters of Telling: The Impulse of the Story
Author: Raymond Arthur

young people who off end, disregards Ireland’s commitments under international law and also ignores the well established link between child maltreatment and youth off ending. Th e Irish approach echoes developments in the English youth justice system where the welfare concerns of young people who off end

In: The International Journal of Children's Rights
Author: Simona Giordano

the children’s health and welfare. This paper does not pretend to provide a detailed legal analysis of neglect, abduction and other forms of child maltreatment; it has the more modest purpose of setting the case of the right to contact for children on the ethics agenda. 2 A Real Case: Sheila and

In: The International Journal of Children's Rights