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Malcolm Heath

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/156852508X252876 Mnemosyne 62 (2009) 51-75 www.brill.nl/mnem Cognition in Aristotle’s Poetics * ) Malcolm Heath Department of Classics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK m.f.heath@leeds.ac.uk Received: July 2007; accepted: August 2007

Markus Wild

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/156853408X360993 Marin Cureau de la Chambre on the Natural Cognition of the Vegetative Soul: An Early Modern Th eory of Instinct Markus Wild Humboldt-Universität, Berlin Abstract According to Marin Cureau de La Chambre—steering a middleway

Sue Boinski

Dispersal patterns among three species of squirrel monkeys ( Saimiri oerstedii , S. boliviensis and S. sciureus ): III. Cognition Sue Boinski 1) (Department of Anthropology, University of Florida) (Accepted: 14 February 2005) Summary Cognitive skills essential to dispersal remain a thorny

Jie Song, Andrea Bender and Sieghard Beller

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/156853709X414674 Journal of Cognition and Culture 9 (2009) 115–139 brill.nl/jocc Conditional Promises and Th reats in Germany, China, and Tonga: Cognition and Emotion Sieghard Beller * Andrea Bender Jie Song Department of Psychology, Abteilung

Tomoko Sakita

Reporting discourse has attracted rigorous analyses in linguistics, literary theory, cognitive psychology, sociology and ethnomethodology. This book provides analyses of controversial topics in reporting discourse like tense alternation, reporting styles, patterns and functions. After critically examining existing theories, Tomoko I. Sakita offers new theoretical perspectives and empirical analyses within the scope of actual language performance. Her analysis covers tenses that previous studies have neglected or have considered "ungrammatical" or "mistaken". Based on models of cognitive recollection and stream of consciousness, tense reveals cognitive, attitudinal and consciousness state markers in complex reporting processes, as well as identity, speaker psychology, and deictic relations, embedded in discourse and narrative contexts. A synthesis of discourse analysis and experiments on reporting style, structure and functions leads to formulating a new reporting discourse continuum. Reporting discourses emerge as rule-governed, goal-directed, purposeful strategic devices in communication. Sakita shows reporting discourse to be an integral whole formed by speakers' constant interpretations and choices at different stages of information processing, with close interactions among cognitive constraints, discourse organization, contextual information, and communicative purposes. She deepens our insights into the operation of language and cognition, as well as into communication systems and social dynamics, ultimately leading to a better understanding of human behaviour. This should be a useful work not only for linguists and literary specialists but also for readers with serious interest in human reporting behaviour and narrative, or in the dynamic aspects of cognitive operation.

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Edited by Alexandra Aikhenvald and Anne Storch

Every language has a way of talking about seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting and touching. In about a quarter of the world's languages, grammatical evidentials express means of perception. In some languages verbs of vision subsume cognitive meanings. In others, cognition is associated with a verb of auditory perception, touch, or smell. 'Vision' is not the universally preferred means of perception. In numerous cultures, taboos are associated with forbidden visual experience. Vision may be considered intrusive and aggressive, and linked with power. In contrast, 'hearing' and 'listening' are the main avenues for learning, understanding and 'knowing'. The studies presented in this book set out to explore how these meanings and concepts are expressed in languages of Africa, Oceania, and South America.

Richard Cross

species with universal content, inherent in the mind, is a partial cause of an occurrent cognition whose immediate object is the self- same species. I attempt to explain how Scotus defends the possibility of this causal activity. Scotus claims, generally, that forms are causes, and that inherence makes no

Ian Maclean

, and that the agent intellect is immortal but subject to constant reincarnation in diff erent human beings. His theory of cognition leads him to claim that at its highest level, the intellect is converted into the object of its perception. In his refutation of the various elements of Cardano’s theories

Laura Maguire and Jesús Romero-Trillo

, that we deem essential to understand cogni- tive dynamism. In this article we describe the role of Adaptive Management and show how this fourth element of context is basic to describe cognition in communication and to create social rapport. Keywords adaptive management , cognition , situational context

Armin Geertz

to religion, on which he is silent. He also leaves untouched the literature on a number of subjects highly relevant to his evolutionary scenario, such as the evolution of con- sciousness, theories of memory, the role of narrative, the development of persons and selves, embodied cognition, extended