boundaries. Instead, marks were concentrated in ‘hot spots’ more vulnerable to penetration by intruders (territory edge) or more valuable to owners (vicinities of breeding dens). Keywords : Canis lupus , territory, urine marking, ground scratching, Biaowie Ç za Forest, eco- nomic constrains, ‘hot
a large reputational cost, and have difficulty convincing other states to enter into new agreements in the future.
Since treaties are legally binding, they can constrain states’ policies. Since many treaties contain dispute settlement mechanisms, states have chosen to give up the right to be the
I will repeat some of the slides for the sake of convenience, so you will not have to be remembering everything. Some of the slides that we have already seen, you will see here again, and a lot of the other, the rest of the information is going to be new.
By “constraining”, what I mean is placing