case and disputes regarding causation or the extent of injury) must often, therefore, be resolved by a lay jury relying solely on knowledge and information gained through the trial. 13 Third, malpractice plaintiff’s attorneys are commonly paid on a contingentfee basis, retaining often a third of the
formación del Decreto de Graciano por etapas; 84–124: B.C. B RASINGTON , Require in Prologo : The Decretists and Ivo of Chartres’ Prologue; 125–137: J.A. B RUNDAGE , Contingentfees and the Ius Commune; 138–164: H. M ÜLLER , Streitwert und Kosten in Prozessen vor dem päpstlichen Gericht – eine Skizze; 165
legislation in Connecticut limits contingentfees.'43 Delaware has enacted a "sealed container" defense that protects the " d o w n s t r e a m " n o n - m a n u f a c t u r e r seller of defective products.144 Legislation in Delaware also limits liability for blood products. 145 The District of Columbia has
Economics of Attorney ContingentFee Arrangements’ (2010) 54 New York Law School Law Review 773, 775.
The Law Reform Commission of Hong Kong, ‘Report – Conditional Fees’ (2007) < www.hkreform.gov.hk/en/docs/rconditional_e.pdf > accessed 6 March 2020.
Nieuwveld and Sahani (n 144) 129
problèmes sus- cités par les juristes de l’époque à propos du montant de ces frais. Un bref article, mais qui contient de précieux renvois aux sources, traite du vieux problème de l’aide judiciai- re aux pauvres: Legal aid for the poor and the professionalization of law in the Middle Ages . Dans Contingent
stumble equally when choosing advocates. Without suﬃ- cient funds for litigation, they may be limited to those ﬁrms or inde- pendent practitioners keen on but not prepared for international arbitration and therefore ready to accept contingent-fee arrangements. Governments can be handicapped when relying
caps on liability • Try to avoid frivolous compensation claims • Estimates used to calculate damages should be correct on average • Introduce flat rate/ fixed sum of compenstaion; regularly update is needed • Legal aid is needed to avoid “trial proof” • Contingentfees are needed to ensure poor victim
–1590; Viscusi, Zeckhauser, Born, & Blackmon, 1993 , pp. 165–186; and cbo , 2004 , pp. 1–18). Some reforms aimed at reducing the claim frequency, such as restricting joint-and-several liability and caps on contingentfees ( cbo , 2003 , pp. 27–31). Others sought to reduce damage awards, such as limits on non
and direct a United Restitution Organization (“ uro ”) to provide legal aid to needy claimants. All the reins would then be in one hand and that would ensure uniformity of policies. To provide legal assistance to claimants for a modest contingentfee, uro offices were opened wherever there were