Aristotle was the first thinker to organise a category scheme and plot in it relatives, along with substance, quantity, quality and the rest. Many later category schemes have, one way or another, distinguished a relational category from non-relational ones. 2 Aristotle’s approach is worth looking at in
Medieval commentary writing has often been described as a way of "doing philosophy," and not without reason. The various commentaries on Aristotle's Categories we have from this period did not simply elaborate a dialectical exercise for training students; rather, they provided their authors with an unparalleled opportunity to work through crucial philosophical problems, many of which remain with us today. As such, this unique commentary tradition is important not only in its own right, but also to the history and development of philosophy as a whole. The contributors to this volume take a fresh look at it, examining a wide range of medieval commentators, from Simplicius to John Wyclif, and discussing such issues as the compatibility of Platonism with Aristotelianism; the influence of Avicenna; the relationship between grammar, logic, and metaphysics; the number of the categories; the status of the categories as a science realism vs. nominalism; and the relationship between categories.
Porphyry wrote two commentaries on Aristotle’s Categories . The shorter one, in question-and-answer format, is extant and has been edited most recently by Richard Bodéüs. 1 The longer commentary, in seven books, is lost, and was until recently known mainly from references in Simplicius
on the role of the later ancient Neoplatonist Iamblichus (c. 240-325) in laying the groundwork for subsequent commentators’ acceptance of Aristotle’s Categories into the curricular and conceptual framework of Neoplatonism.
The evolution of the Categories (with Porphyry’s Isagoge ) into the
A systematic study of the canonical construction of Rabbinic categories, Halakhic, then Aggadic, followed by a comparison of the theological category-formations in Rabbinic Judaism, generative vs. inert, primary vs. subordinate. The book provides a systematic and thorough account of the rules of making connections and drawing conclusions that govern in classes of documents, for the Halakhah from the Mishnah through the Bavli, for the Aggadah from Scripture through the Midrash-compilations, Genesis Rabbah, Leviticus Rabbah, and Pesiqta deRab Kahana; for both the Mishnah and Scripture through the Bavli. The book then compares and contrasts theological category-formations of the Rabbinic Aggadic writings by the criteria indicated in the title: generative vs. inert, primary vs. subordinate.
(κατηγορίαι; katēgoríai, Lat. praedicamenta). [German version] ‘Category’ is a universal term: categories are conceived partly as ‘classes’ or genres of object, partly as concepts or meanings, and partly as universal ‘predicates’ (basic forms of statement; Greek κατηγορίαι). Aristotle, the Stoics