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The term rahbānīyyah is used differently in the Qur’ān than it is in the ḥadīth and subsequent classical Islamic literature. The former discusses the term in the context of clergy and religious leadership, and the latter in the context of celibacy and marriage. This shift in meaning may be taken into account by examining Christian legal texts that were contemporaneous with the Qur’ān on the one hand, and the hadīth on the other. These texts are the Didascalia Apostolorum and the canons of the Quinisext Council respectively. The development of rahbānīyyah informs our knowledge of the early Muslim community’s evolution into an imperial power around the time of the Caliph ‘Abd al-Mālik b. Marwān (d. 86/705).

In: Al-Bayan: Journal of Qur'an and Hadith Studies

[German Version] In the history of Christianity celibacy has often been more highly valued than marriage. The Catholic Church's catechism of 1993 (no. 1618ff.) still praises celibacy and virginity. New Testament and Early Church statements form the background. For Paul it was the imminent

In: Religion Past and Present Online

Celibacy here means not simply the fact of not being married, though such a state can be of theological and pastoral relevance when it serves to promote certain ends. Celibacy is here understood as the unmarried state chosen in the light of the Christian faith, and in particular as one of the

In: Sacramentum Mundi Online

Celibacy (from Lat. caelebs, “unwed,” “not married”) is a phenomenon of the history of religion, not confined to Christianity, meaning (in some cases temporary) abstinence from sexuality or a permanent unmarried state. The call to celibacy in many ancient cults followed the notion of “cultic purity

The decision to devote oneself to celibacy for religious reasons is expressed by tabattala, the fifth form of the verb batala, which means cutting oneself off from all worldly concerns, especially sexual intercourse. This term occurs once in the Qurʾān in (73:8): tabattal ilayhi tabtīlan, “devote

In: Encyclopaedia of Islam Three Online

.” While early scholarship tended to focus on the implications of celibacy for the scrolls movement, 5 more recent research, such as Cecilia Wassén’s article, “The Importance of Marriage at Qumran,” has argued for the near ubiquity of marriage as a social practice in the movement, instead. 6 Binaries of

In: Dead Sea Discoveries

By celibacy is meant the non-contraction of a legally and socially recognized union between a man and a woman. It is common knowledge that Islam, as religion and ethos, considers celibacy reprehensible, especially in light of the Catholic tradition that views it as a sine qua non condition for

[German Version] I. History of Religions – II. In the Christian Church – III.  Ethics Celibacy, from Latin caelebs, “living alone,” refers to the unmarried state with the accent on sexual abstinence as practiced by a specific social group, while chastity represents a comprehensive form of

In: Religion Past and Present Online

The word “celibacy” derives from the Lat. caelibatus, which, as used by Cicero, Seneca, Suetonius, and others, refers to the unmarried state of both men and women. Its historical appropriation by theology and the church, however, has been largely unexplored. The word had no great currency even as

In: The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

258 Book Reviews / Ecclesiology 5 (2009) 246–269 William E. Phipps, Clerical Celibacy: Th e Heritage (New York and London: Continuum, 2004), x + 272 pp. $27.95. ISBN 0-8264-1617-9 (pbk). Th is is an author who certainly has the courage to display and reveal his posi- tion openly, from the very

In: Ecclesiology