who may have done no wrong. Collective punishment is prohibited in international and non-international armed conflicts by treaty as well as customary international law. The case study at the center of this contribution concerns the non-international armed conflicts between Russia and Chechnya starting

In: Review of Central and East European Law
Author: Charlotte Hille
In Clans and Democratization, Charlotte Hille investigates clan societies in Afghanistan, Iraq, Albania and Chechnya. She explores and compares the values of clans with those in Western democratic states, while focusing at conflict resolution and democratization. Based on theory and practice, this book provides tools to facilitate democratic state building in clan-based societies.
Author: Kemper, Michael

Illustration 1. Map of Chechnya from the Perry Castañeda Collection of the Library of the University of Texas. Chechnya, historically the territory of the Chechens—who call themselves Nokhchi, or, together with the Ingush, Vainakh, “our people”—is situated between the main Caucasus range in the

In: Encyclopaedia of Islam Three Online

This article asserts that Russian nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) contribute to processes of transitional justice in Chechnya through their litigation in front at the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). Having delivered more than 200 judgments on atrocities which occurred during the two recent conflicts in Chechnya, the ECtHR has repeatedly ruled that the state should pay financial compensation to the victims. While the Russian Federation has been following through on such payments, human-rights monitors allege that domestic authorities have failed to take active measures to address the atrocities themselves.

Through a qualitative interview study with Russian lawyers and NGO representatives, this article seeks to scrutinize how NGOs have been using the ECtHR’s mechanisms and judgments by way of leverage to initiate processes of transitional justice in post-conflict Chechnya. It appears that the ECtHR is not an end-station for human-rights claims and individual grievances but, rather, the start of a series of further claims. NGOs: (a) engage in political advocacy in implementing the judgments; and (b) create leverage for the criminal prosecution of perpetrators.

In: Review of Central and East European Law

Introduction In the aftermath of the Boston Marathon bombings in April 2013, and the arrest of a Chechen bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, whose older brother was suspected as his co-conspirator, the global spotlight has again fallen on Chechnya, a semi-autonomous republic in the North Caucasus region

In: The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review
Author: Ole Solvang

Chechnya and the European Court of Human Rights: The merits of Strategic Litigation Ole Solvang 1 In May 1998, eighteen months before the start of the second war in Chechnya, Russia ratified the European Convention on Human Rights (hereafter the Convention), thereby granting the European Court

In: Security and Human Rights

* A preliminary version of this research was published as: Andrey Makarychev. “From Chechnya to Ukraine: Biopolitical Patriotism in Times of War”. Washington d.c .: Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies, Woodrow Wilson Center, September 5, 2015, available at https://www.wilsoncenter.org/article/chechnya

In: Transcultural Studies

This explorative study uses descriptive process tracing to outline the evolution of Chechen terrorism from 1994-2017. Analysis begins with simple descriptive statistics that characterize data from the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) and identify those years in which significant changes occurred in the processes, environmental context, and overall security conditions in Chechnya. A detailed narrative is then given to contextualize the security scenario in Chechnya and to illustrate the transition from nationalist violence to religious-based terrorism.

In: Iran and the Caucasus

Chechnya means that to a certain extent, the clan will take care of the clan members in a social-economic sense, and provide security, if and when the state is not capable of providing such basic needs. The influence of the clan on Chechen politics has been visible in the right of Chechens under Communism

In: Clans and Democratization: Chechnya, Albania, Afghanistan and Iraq
Author: Arie Bloed

OSCE CHRONICLE The OSCE returns to Chechnya? Arie Bloed 1. The OSCE and Chechnya The ongoing war in Chechnya by the Russian armed forces has been a more or less permanent item on the OSCE agenda. Representatives of the organization have repeatedly expressed their dismay concerning the

In: Helsinki Monitor