opposed to a feature of climatechange? Does a particular length of time determine the differences between short-term, long-term, and irreversible droughts? According to which criteria are climatic conditions with “less than normal precipitation” classified as climate fluctuations, and according to which
1 ClimateChange as the Greatest Challenge for the Future
The world is getting warmer. The effects of greenhouse gas emission-induced change on the climate system have continued to intensify. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on ClimateChange ( ipcc ) states the atmospheric
This chapter explores the networks of collaborations that are formed in climate change research, both within the scientific community and with the political and social spheres. It draws on the case of climate change research in a particular national setting, Portugal.
In recent years, political philosophers have given considerable attention to ethical issues arising with climate change. Most philosophical treatments of climate change are framed in terms of the responsibility to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. By contrast, few philosophers examine duties of compensation for the harms arising from climate change. Given that those who will be most harmed by climate change have contributed little to the problem, it is reasonable to suppose that a fair global response to climate change should include provision of compensation and support for those who are harmed. Identifying a fair institutional framework for providing this support is, however, more challenging than it might at first appear. The following chapter presents three thought experiments exploring the problem of providing compensation in the context of climate change. Each thought experiment presents an imaginary institutional structure for managing compensation, and examines the ethical benefits and costs of managing compensation in the proposed way. Of the games, the final one, which incorporates duties to support adaptation, proves most promising from an ethical perspective.
Natural areas and resources form the basis for many regional economies in the Arctic. Natural conditions, including climate, have been considered stable on human timescales and taken as starting points in regional development work – until recently. During the past few years the notion of a changing climate with various ecological and socio-economic impacts has made its way also to regional development strategies. Despite the common perception of climate change as completely devastating for the whole Arctic, the effects can be regionally differentiated.
This article discusses regional development related strategic planning as a forum and tool for addressing climate change. This is carried out by empirically examining the emergence of climate change as an important trend or factor in the development programmes of one region in the Arctic, Finnish Lapland, mid-1990s onwards. The review sets a background for the ways how climate change is thought to affect Lapland’s economy and society in the future, as presented in the region’s recently published Climate Change Strategy 2030. Climate change, nowadays regarded as an important trend affecting the region’s future, is expected to bring along new opportunities for Lapland and change the strategic position of the region to a more favourable one also in wider political and economic sense.
Regional development related strategic planning can, in some politicoadministrational cultures such as in Finland, serve well as a context for climate change adaptation, but the task to promote regional development can lead to less emphasis on global environmental concern and more on ensuring the auspicious development in the region.
1 Introduction Climatechange is recognized as one of the greatest threats we face, threatening global security, 1 food security, 2 human health, 3 biological diversity and the natural environment over all. 4 Climatechange has traditionally been associated with the atmosphere, however, the
The Catholic Church has promoted anthropogenic climatechange ( ACC ) mitigation for over twenty-five years. In 1990 Pope John Paul II (1990) wrote that “the greenhouse effect” was everyone’s responsibility to mitigate. Pope Francis (2015) recently issued an
This comprehensive collection of climate change and law documents contains original source, non-edited and non-redacted “grey literature” (non-peer reviewed) in English, centered on climate change and the law. Incorporated in the category of ‘law’ is any discipline of law which addressed climate change, including corporate law, environmental law and human rights law. Materials in the collection originate from a wide range of organizations in the public and private sector, institutions, and/or individuals, world-wide.
The impact of climate change on individuals, communities and states has broad implications on the protection, fulfilment and respect for human rights and laws at the local, national, corporate, regional and global levels. With intense and contested debates on climate change, and significant concerns for the future of the planet based on climate change, the issue of the law and climate change is highly relevant.
A collection of this nature will be a significant resource, adding value to existing resources, and serving the needs of various actors and stakeholders needing access to documentation on climate change and the law.
This collection is edited by the
Human Rights Internet (HRI) in Ottawa, Canada.
This new collection will be building over time, and a future annual update fee is planned to begin in 2019, for the new content added.
Features and benefits • Full text searchable
• Updated annually
• Includes “grey literature” material concerned with climate change and law - both published and unpublished documents in various languages
• Broad range of climate change and climate law issues
• Represents the concerns of all groups in all regions of the world
• MARC records available
In 2009, James Lovelock, father of the Gaia-hypothesis (which proposes a systemic understanding of Earth, envisaging it as a single organism), published his latest book on the ecological threat that our planet faces vis-à-vis climate change – according to its apt subtitle a Final Warning of the Vanishing Face of Gaia. By no means is Lovelock alone in raising awareness for climate change by giving a scientifically informed account of a future with a changed climate. The interface between science and politics as well as the public is of particular interest in this context. Scientists have diagnosed a climatic change and generated prognoses since the second half of the twentieth century. Their scenarios of climate change are far-reaching, seldom intelligible by way of our senses, and, moreover, characterised by a high degree of contingency. Nonetheless, the knowledge and perception of climate change has well expanded from the natural sciences into everyday life. However, this knowledge is, if not broadly all the more strongly, contested. One bone of contention seems to be that scientific accounts of climate change are accompanied by emphatic appeals to act now in order to preserve our planet as a habitat for life as we know it. Thus, these prognoses transgress the boundary of what is implicitly perceived as science’s core business – a boundary that is demarcated by science on the one hand and an obscure ‘other,’ which is frequently ‘religion,’ on the other. This chapter explores the relationship between climate change science, narration, and religion, and discusses this relationship on the basis of Lovelock’s Final Warning: is it a narration of ‘the End’? Is it as such somehow religious? And, if so: how? Guided by these questions, the author examines the story told in the Vanishing Face of Gaia and inquires into the extent of its religiosity in order to develop a typology of religious narration of scientific climate change accounts.
refusing to bear one's fair share of the costs of its maintenance. Of several alternative normative bases for compelling individual constraints on polluting actions in the interest of avoiding dangerous climatechange, wrongful free riding may offer the most compelling account of the transgression in